Online Sunshine Logo
Official Internet Site of the Florida Legislature
January 20, 2021
Text: 'NEW Advanced Legislative Search'
Interpreter Services for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing
Go to MyFlorida House
Go to MyFlorida House
Select Year:  
The Florida Statutes

The 2020 Florida Statutes

Title VI
CIVIL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE
Chapter 60
INJUNCTIONS
View Entire Chapter
CHAPTER 60
CHAPTER 60
INJUNCTIONS
60.01 Injunction; against levy of execution issued against another than the plaintiff.
60.03 Injunction against removal of mortgaged personal property.
60.04 Injunction; sureties on bond of fiduciaries may restrain disposition of principal’s property.
60.05 Abatement of nuisances.
60.06 Abatement of nuisances; enforcement.
60.07 Assessment of damages after dissolution.
60.08 Injunctions sought by the state pursuant to statute shall issue without bond.
60.01 Injunction; against levy of execution issued against another than the plaintiff.When real estate is levied on, or an attempt to sell it under any execution or other process issued is made, or an attempt to sell it as the property of another person is made, chancery courts have jurisdiction to enjoin the sale on the application of the owner in possession of the real estate.
History.s. 1, ch. 3432, 1883; RS 1468; GS 1918; RGS 3180; CGL 4972; s. 15, ch. 67-254.
Note.Former s. 64.07.
60.03 Injunction against removal of mortgaged personal property.The removal from the state of any personal property mortgaged to secure a debt which has not matured at the time of the removal may be enjoined by any chancery court within whose territorial jurisdiction the property is located.
History.RS 1472; GS 1920; RGS 3182; CGL 4974; s. 15, ch. 67-254.
Note.Former s. 64.09.
60.04 Injunction; sureties on bond of fiduciaries may restrain disposition of principal’s property.When actions are commenced on the bond of any executor, administrator, guardian or trustee, or for an accounting, the surety on the bond may apply to the court in which the action is pending, if in chancery, or if the action is at law, then to any chancery court having jurisdiction, for an injunction restraining any principal in the bond from disposing of his or her property and from encumbering or removing it from the county in which it is located until the final disposition of the action. If it appears on the application that there is danger that the principal may dispose of his or her property before final judgment so that there will not be sufficient property of the principal to satisfy any judgment that is rendered against the administrator, executor, guardian or trustee, the court shall issue an injunction on such terms as are proper, enjoining such principal from disposing of his or her property, or so much thereof as is necessary for the protection of the surety until the final disposition of the action. It is not necessary for the surety to show that any amounts are due by said administrator, executor, guardian or trustee but the judge granting the injunction may vacate it on the executor, administrator, guardian or trustee giving adequate security, to be approved by the court, to the surety conditioned to save him or her harmless for all loss or damage he or she sustains as surety.
History.s. 1, ch. 5406, 1905; RGS 3183; CGL 4975; s. 15, ch. 67-254; s. 317, ch. 95-147.
Note.Former s. 64.10.
60.05 Abatement of nuisances.
(1) When any nuisance as defined in s. 823.05 exists, the Attorney General, state attorney, city attorney, county attorney, sheriff, or any citizen of the county may sue in the name of the state on his or her relation to enjoin the nuisance, the person or persons maintaining it, and the owner or agent of the building or ground on which the nuisance exists.
(2) The court may allow a temporary injunction without bond on proper proof being made. If it appears by evidence or affidavit that a temporary injunction should be issued, the court, pending the determination on final hearing, may enjoin any of the following:
(a) The maintaining of a nuisance.
(b) The operating and maintaining of the place or premises where the nuisance is maintained.
(c) The owner or agent of the building or ground upon which the nuisance exists.
(d) The conduct, operation, or maintenance of any business or activity operated or maintained in the building or on the premises in connection with or incident to the maintenance of the nuisance.

The injunction shall specify the activities enjoined and may not preclude the operation of any lawful business not conducive to the maintenance of the nuisance complained of.

(3)(a) The defendant shall be given written notice to abate the nuisance within 10 days after the issuance of the notice. The notice must inform the defendant that an application for temporary injunction may be filed if the nuisance is not timely abated. If the nuisance is not timely abated, the defendant must be given a second written notice that informs the defendant that an application for a temporary injunction will be filed if the nuisance is not abated within 15 days after the end of the initial 10-day period. However, if the defendant responds to the first notice in writing within the initial 10-day period, and in such response alleges and provides proof that:
1. Nuisance abatement involves compliance with another law of this state and the requirements of such law make nuisance abatement within 10 days impossible; or
2. The terms of an executed contract to perform services necessary to abate the nuisance require more than 10 days to complete,

the defendant must be given a second written notice providing the defendant with an extended time period to abate the nuisance sufficient to comply with such other law or contract terms.

(b) A second notice sent under paragraph (a) must also provide the location where the application will be filed and the time when it will be filed. If the nuisance is not timely abated as provided in the second notice, the application for the temporary injunction must be filed as indicated in the notice.
(c) In addition to the information required under paragraphs (a) and (b), each notice must:
1. If applicable, describe the building, booth, tent, or place that is an alleged nuisance.
2. State the activities that led to the nuisance allegations.
3. State the actions necessary to abate the nuisance.
4. State that costs will be assessed if abatement of the nuisance is not completed and if the court determines that the nuisance exists.
(d) The notices provided in this subsection must be sent by personal service to the owner at his or her address as it appears on the latest tax assessment roll or to the tenant of such address. If an address is not found for the owner, the notices must be sent to the location of the alleged nuisance and displayed prominently and conspicuously at that location.
(4) Evidence of the general reputation of the alleged nuisance and place is admissible to prove the existence of the nuisance. An action filed by a citizen may not be dismissed unless the court is satisfied that it should be dismissed. Otherwise the action shall continue and the state attorney notified to proceed with it. If the action is brought by a citizen and the court finds that there was no reasonable ground for the action, the costs shall be taxed against the citizen.
(5) On trial if the existence of a nuisance is shown, the court shall issue a permanent injunction and order the costs to be paid by the persons establishing or maintaining the nuisance and shall adjudge that the costs are a lien on all personal property found in the place of the nuisance and on the failure of the property to bring enough to pay the costs, then on the real estate occupied by the nuisance. A lien may not attach to the real estate of any other than such persons unless a second written notice has been given in accordance with paragraph (3)(a) to the owner or his or her agent who fails to begin to abate the nuisance within the time specified therein. In a proceeding abating a nuisance pursuant to s. 823.10 or s. 823.05, if a tenant has been convicted of an offense under chapter 893 or s. 796.07, the court may order the tenant to vacate the property within 72 hours if the tenant and owner of the premises are parties to the nuisance abatement action and the order will lead to the abatement of the nuisance.
(6) If the action was brought by the Attorney General, a state attorney, or any other officer or agency of state government; if the court finds either before or after trial that there was no reasonable ground for the action; and if judgment is rendered for the defendant, the costs and reasonable attorney fees shall be taxed against the state.
History.ss. 2, 3, 4, ch. 7367, 1917; RGS 3223-3226; CGL 5029-5032; s. 1, ch. 20467, 1941; s. 2, ch. 29737, 1955; s. 15, ch. 67-254; s. 1, ch. 71-268; s. 14, ch. 73-334; s. 1, ch. 77-268; s. 8, ch. 87-243; s. 318, ch. 95-147; s. 1, ch. 96-237; s. 31, ch. 2016-24; s. 1, ch. 2020-130.
Note.Former ss. 64.11-64.14.
60.06 Abatement of nuisances; enforcement.The court shall make such orders on proper proof as will abate all nuisances mentioned in s. 823.05, and has authority to enforce injunctions by contempt but the jurisdiction hereby granted does not repeal or alter s. 823.01.
History.s. 5, ch. 7367, 1917; RGS 3227; CGL 5033; s. 15, ch. 67-254.
Note.Former s. 64.15.
60.07 Assessment of damages after dissolution.In injunction actions, on dissolution, the court may hear evidence and assess damages to which a defendant may be entitled under any injunction bond, eliminating the necessity for an action on the injunction bond if no party has requested a jury trial on damages.
History.ss. 1, 3, ch. 26916, 1951; s. 2, ch. 29737, 1955; s. 15, ch. 67-254.
Note.Former s. 64.16.
60.08 Injunctions sought by the state pursuant to statute shall issue without bond.In any action for injunctive relief sought by the state or one of its agencies as provided in ss. 501.207(1)(b), 542.23, and 895.05(5), any injunction sought shall issue without bond or surety and no bond or surety shall be required during the term of the injunction.
History.s. 5, ch. 2001-266.