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The Florida Statutes

The 2023 Florida Statutes (including Special Session C)

Chapter 500
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F.S. 500.13
500.13 Addition of poisonous or deleterious substance to food.
(1) Any added poisonous or deleterious substance, any food additive, any pesticide chemical in or on a raw agricultural commodity, or any color additive, shall, with respect to any particular use or intended use, be deemed unsafe for the purpose of application of s. 500.10(1)(b) with respect to any food, unless there is in effect a regulation pursuant to subsection (2) limiting the quantity of such substance, and the use or intended use of such substance conform to the terms prescribed by such regulation. While such regulation relating to such substance is in effect, a food shall not, by reason of bearing or containing such substance in accordance with the regulation, be considered adulterated within the meaning of s. 500.10(1)(a).
(2) The department, whenever public interest in the state so requires, is authorized to adopt, amend, or repeal regulations whether or not in accordance with regulations promulgated under the federal act, prescribing therein tolerances for any added poisonous or deleterious substances, for food additives, for pesticide chemicals in or on raw agricultural commodities or for color additives, including, but not limited to, zero tolerances, and exemptions from tolerances in the case of pesticide chemicals in or on raw agricultural commodities, and prescribing the conditions under which a food additive or color additive may be safely used and exemptions where such food additive or color additive is to be used solely for investigational or experimental purposes, upon his or her own motion or upon the petition of any interested party requesting that such a regulation be established, and it shall be incumbent upon such petitioner to establish by data submitted to the department that a necessity exists for such regulation, and that its effect will not be detrimental to the public health. If the data furnished by the petitioner is not sufficient to allow the department to determine whether such regulation should be promulgated, the department may require additional data to be submitted and a failure to comply with the request shall be sufficient grounds to deny the request. In adopting, amending or repealing regulations relating to such substances the department shall consider among other relevant factors, the following which the petitioner, if any, shall furnish:
(a) The name and all pertinent information concerning such substance including where available, its chemical identity and composition, a statement of the conditions of the proposed use, including directions, recommendations and suggestions and including specimens of proposed labeling, all relevant data bearing on the physical or other technical effect and the quantity required to produce such effect.
(b) The probable composition of, or other relevant exposure from the article and of any substance formed in or on a food, resulting from the use of such substance.
(c) The probable consumption of such substance in the diet of humans and animals taking into account any chemically or pharmacologically related substance in such diet.
(d) Safety factors which, in the opinion of experts qualified by scientific training and experience to evaluate the safety of such substances for the use or uses for which they are proposed to be used, are generally recognized as appropriate for the use of animal experimentation data.
(e) The availability of any needed practicable methods of analysis for determining the identity and quantity of such substance in or on an article, any substance formed in or on such article because of the use of such substance, and the pure substance and all intermediates and impurities.
(f) Facts supporting a contention that the proposed use of such substance will serve a useful purpose.
History.s. 13, ch. 19656, 1939; CGL 1940 Supp. 4151(676); s. 3, ch. 63-259; ss. 14, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 605, ch. 97-103.