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The Florida Statutes

The 2017 Florida Statutes

Title XXIX
PUBLIC HEALTH
Chapter 394
MENTAL HEALTH
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F.S. 394.9085
394.9085 Behavioral provider liability.
(1)(a) In any negligence action for damages for personal injury or wrongful death arising out of the provision of services for crisis stabilization brought against a detoxification program, an addictions receiving facility, or a designated public receiving facility, net economic damages shall be limited to $1 million per liability claim, including, but not limited to, past and future medical expenses, wage loss, and loss of earning capacity. In computing net economic damages, such damages shall be offset by any collateral source payment paid in accordance with s. 768.76.
(b) In any negligence action for damages for personal injury or wrongful death arising out of the provision of services for crisis stabilization brought against any detoxification program, an addictions receiving facility, or a designated public receiving facility, noneconomic damages shall be limited to $200,000 per claim.
(c) Any costs in defending actions brought under this section shall be assumed by the provider or its insurer.
(2) The limitations on liability of a detoxification program, an addictions receiving facility, or any designated public receiving facility as described in subsection (1) shall be exclusive. Such limitations apply to each employee of the provider when the employee is acting in furtherance of the provider’s responsibilities under its contract with the department. Such limitations do not apply to a provider or employee who acts in a culpably negligent manner or with willful and wanton disregard or unprovoked physical aggression if such acts result in injury or death.
(3) The eligible provider under this section must, as part of its contract, obtain and maintain an insurance policy providing a minimum of $1 million per claim and $3 million per incident in coverage for claims described in subsection (1).
(4) This section does not designate a person who provides contracted services to the department as an employee or agent of the state for purposes of chapter 440.
(5) The Legislature is cognizant of the increasing costs of goods and services each year and recognizes that fixing a set amount of compensation actually has the effect of a reduction in compensation each year. Accordingly, the conditional limitations on damages in this section shall be increased at the rate of 5 percent each year, prorated from July 1, 2006, to the date at which damages subject to such limitations are awarded by final judgment or settlement.
(6) For purposes of this section, the terms “detoxification services,” “addictions receiving facility,” and “receiving facility” have the same meanings as those provided in ss. 397.311(26)(a)4., 397.311(26)(a)1., and 394.455(39), respectively.
(7) This section shall not be construed to waive sovereign immunity for any governmental unit or other entity protected by sovereign immunity. Section 768.28 shall continue to apply to all governmental units and such entities.
History.s. 1, ch. 2006-208; s. 5, ch. 2009-132; s. 7, ch. 2015-100; s. 68, ch. 2016-241; s. 29, ch. 2017-173.