Online Sunshine Logo
Official Internet Site of the Florida Legislature
February 26, 2024
Text: 'NEW Advanced Legislative Search'
Interpreter Services for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing
Go to MyFlorida House
Go to MyFlorida House
Select Year:  
The Florida Statutes

The 2023 Florida Statutes (including Special Session C)

Title XIV
TAXATION AND FINANCE
Chapter 197
TAX COLLECTIONS, SALES, AND LIENS
View Entire Chapter
F.S. 197.319
1197.319 Refund of taxes for residential improvements rendered uninhabitable by a catastrophic event.
(1) As used in this section, the term:
(a) “Catastrophic event” means an event of misfortune or calamity that renders one or more residential improvements uninhabitable. The term does not include an event caused, directly or indirectly, by the property owner with the intent to damage or destroy the residential improvement.
(b) “Catastrophic event refund” means the product arrived at by multiplying the damage differential by the amount of timely paid taxes that were initially levied in the year in which the catastrophic event occurred.
(c) “Damage differential” means the product arrived at by multiplying the percent change in value by a ratio, the numerator of which is the number of days the residential improvement was rendered uninhabitable in the year in which the catastrophic event occurred, and the denominator of which is 365.
(d) “Percent change in value” means the difference between the just value of a residential parcel as of January 1 of the year in which the catastrophic event occurred and its postcatastrophic event just value, expressed as a percentage of the parcel’s just value as of January 1 of the year in which the catastrophic event occurred.
(e) “Postcatastrophic event just value” means the just value of the residential parcel on January 1 of the year in which a catastrophic event occurred, adjusted by subtracting the just value of the residential improvement on January 1 of the year in which a catastrophic event occurred.
(f) “Residential improvement” means a residential dwelling or house on real estate used and owned as a homestead as defined in s. 196.012(13) or as nonhomestead residential property as defined in s. 193.1554(1). A residential improvement does not include a structure that is not essential to the use and occupancy of the residential dwelling or house, including, but not limited to, a detached utility building, detached carport, detached garage, bulkhead, fence, or swimming pool, and does not include land.
(g) “Uninhabitable” means the loss of use and occupancy of a residential improvement for the purpose for which it was constructed resulting from damage to or destruction of, or from a condition that compromises the structural integrity of, the residential improvement which was caused by a catastrophic event.
(2) If a residential improvement is rendered uninhabitable for at least 30 days due to a catastrophic event, taxes originally levied and paid for the year in which the catastrophic event occurred may be refunded in the following manner:
(a) The property owner must file an application for refund with the property appraiser on a form prescribed by the department and furnished by the property appraiser no later than March 1 of the year immediately following the catastrophic event. The property appraiser may allow applications to be filed electronically.
(b) The application for refund must describe the catastrophic event and identify the residential parcel upon which the residential improvement was rendered uninhabitable by a catastrophic event, the date on which the catastrophic event occurred, and the number of days the residential improvement was uninhabitable during the calendar year in which the catastrophic event occurred. For purposes of determining uninhabitability, the application must be accompanied by supporting documentation, including, but not limited to, utility bills, insurance information, contractors’ statements, building permit applications, or building inspection certificates of occupancy.
(c) The application for refund must be verified under oath and is subject to penalty of perjury.
(d) The property appraiser shall review the application and determine if the applicant is entitled to a refund of taxes. No later than April 1 of the year following the date on which the catastrophic event occurred, the property appraiser must:
1. Notify the applicant if the property appraiser determines that the applicant is not entitled to a refund. If the property appraiser determines that the applicant is not entitled to a refund, the applicant may file a petition with the value adjustment board, pursuant to s. 194.011(3), requesting that the refund be granted. The petition must be filed with the value adjustment board on or before the 30th day following the issuance of the notice by the property appraiser.
2. Issue an official written statement to the tax collector and the applicant within 30 days after the determination, but no later than by April 1 of the year following the date on which the catastrophic event occurred, if the property appraiser determines that the applicant is entitled to a refund. The statement must provide:
a. The just value of the residential improvement as determined by the property appraiser on January 1 of the year in which the catastrophic event for which the applicant is claiming a refund occurred.
b. The number of days during the calendar year during which the residential improvement was uninhabitable.
c. The postcatastrophic event just value of the residential parcel as determined by the property appraiser.
d. The percent change in value applicable to the residential parcel.
(3) Upon receipt of the written statement from the property appraiser, the tax collector shall calculate the damage differential pursuant to this section.
(a) If the property taxes for the year in which the catastrophic event occurred have been paid, the tax collector must process a refund in an amount equal to the catastrophic event refund.
(b) If the property taxes for the year in which the catastrophic event occurred have not been paid, the tax collector must process a refund in an amount equal to the catastrophic event refund only upon receipt of timely payment of the property taxes for the year in which the catastrophic event occurred.
(4) Any person who is qualified to have his or her property taxes refunded under this section but fails to file an application by March 1 of the year immediately following the year in which the catastrophic event occurred may file an application for refund under this section and may file a petition with the value adjustment board, pursuant to s. 194.011(3), requesting that a refund under this section be granted. Such petition may be filed at any time during the taxable year on or before the 25th day following the mailing of the notice of proposed property taxes and non-ad valorem assessments by the property appraiser as provided in s. 194.011(1). Upon reviewing the petition, if the person is qualified to receive the refund under this section and demonstrates particular extenuating circumstances determined by the property appraiser or the value adjustment board to warrant granting a late application for refund, the property appraiser or the value adjustment board may grant a refund.
(5) By September 1 of each year, the tax collector shall notify:
(a) The department of the total reduction in taxes for all properties that qualified for a refund pursuant to this section for the year.
(b) The governing board of each affected local government of the reduction in such local government’s taxes that occurred pursuant to this section.
(6) For purposes of this section, a residential improvement that is uninhabitable has no value.
(7) The catastrophic event refund is determined only for purposes of calculating tax refunds for the year in which the residential improvement is uninhabitable as a result of the catastrophic event and does not determine a parcel’s just value as of January 1 any subsequent year.
(8) This section does not affect the requirements of s. 197.333.
History.s. 14, ch. 2022-97; s. 13, ch. 2023-157.
1Note.

A. Section 53, ch. 2022-97, provides that:

“(1) The Department of Revenue is authorized, and all conditions are deemed met, to adopt emergency rules pursuant to s. 120.54(4), Florida Statutes, to implement the amendments made by this act to s. 212.08; the creation by this act of ss. 197.319, 197.3195, and 220.1915, Florida Statutes; and the creation by this act of the temporary tax exemptions for ENERGY STAR appliances, children’s books, children’s diapers, baby and toddler clothing and shoes, and impact-resistant windows, doors, and garage doors. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, emergency rules adopted pursuant to this subsection are effective for 6 months after adoption and may be renewed during the pendency of procedures to adopt permanent rules addressing the subject of the emergency rules.

“(2) This section shall take effect upon this act becoming a law and expires July 1, 2025.”

B. Section 14, ch. 2023-157, provides that “[t]he amendments made by this act to s. 197.319, Florida Statutes, first apply to the 2024 tax roll.”