Online Sunshine Logo
Official Internet Site of the Florida Legislature
January 18, 2018
Text: 'NEW Advanced Legislative Search'
Interpreter Services for the Hearing Impaired
Go to MyFlorida House
Select Year:  
The Florida Statutes

The 2017 Florida Statutes

Title XLVII
CRIMINAL PROCEDURE AND CORRECTIONS
Chapter 947
FLORIDA COMMISSION ON OFFENDER REVIEW
View Entire Chapter
CHAPTER 947
CHAPTER 947
FLORIDA COMMISSION ON OFFENDER REVIEW
947.001 Short title.
947.002 Intent.
947.005 Definitions.
947.01 Florida Commission on Offender Review; creation; number of members.
947.02 Florida Commission on Offender Review; members, appointment.
947.021 Florida Commission on Offender Review; expedited appointments.
947.03 Commissioners; tenure and removal.
947.04 Organization of commission; officers; offices.
947.045 Federal Grants Trust Fund.
947.05 Seal.
947.06 Meeting; when commission may act.
947.07 Rules.
947.071 Rulemaking procedures; indexing of orders.
947.10 Business and political activity upon part of members and full-time employees of commission.
947.11 Legal adviser.
947.12 Members, employees, expenses.
947.13 Powers and duties of commission.
947.135 Mutual participation program.
947.1405 Conditional release program.
947.141 Violations of conditional release, control release, or conditional medical release or addiction-recovery supervision.
947.146 Control Release Authority.
947.147 Victim restitution as condition of control release.
947.149 Conditional medical release.
947.15 Reports.
947.16 Eligibility for parole; initial parole interviews; powers and duties of commission.
947.165 Objective parole guidelines.
947.168 Consideration for persons serving parole-eligible and parole-ineligible sentences.
947.172 Establishment of presumptive parole release date.
947.173 Review of presumptive parole release date.
947.174 Subsequent interviews.
947.1745 Establishment of effective parole release date.
947.1746 Establishment of effective parole release date.
947.1747 Community control as a special condition of parole.
947.18 Conditions of parole.
947.181 Fines, fees, restitution, or other costs ordered to be paid as conditions of parole.
947.185 Application for intellectual disability services as condition of parole.
947.19 Terms of parole.
947.20 Rules of commission.
947.21 Violations of parole.
947.22 Authority to arrest parole violators with or without warrant.
947.23 Action of commission upon arrest of parolee.
947.24 Discharge from parole supervision or release supervision.
947.26 Cooperation of custodian of prisoner; right of access.
947.001 Short title.This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the “Objective Parole Guidelines Act of 1978.”
History.s. 2, ch. 78-417; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2.
947.002 Intent.
(1) It is the purpose of this chapter to establish an objective means for determining and establishing parole dates for inmates.
(2) Objective parole criteria will be designed to give primary weight to the seriousness of the offender’s present criminal offense and the offender’s past criminal record. In considering the risk of recidivism, practice has shown that the best predictor is prior record.
(3) The chair shall be the agency head. While the commission is responsible for making decisions on the granting and revoking of parole, the chair shall establish, execute, and be held accountable for all administrative policy decisions. The routine administrative decisions are the full responsibility of the chair.
(4) Hearing examiners are assigned on the basis of caseload needs as determined by the chair.
(5) It is the intent of the Legislature that the decision to parole an inmate from the incarceration portion of the inmate’s sentence is an act of grace of the state and shall not be considered a right.
History.s. 1, ch. 78-417; s. 1, ch. 81-322; s. 2, ch. 82-171; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 3, ch. 93-61; s. 1667, ch. 97-102.
947.005 Definitions.As used in this chapter, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
(1) “Authority” means the Control Release Authority.
(2) “Child care facility” has the same meaning as provided in s. 402.302.
(3) “Commission” means the Florida Commission on Offender Review.
(4) “Department” means the Department of Corrections.
(5) “Effective parole release date” means the actual parole release date as determined by the presumptive parole release date, satisfactory institutional conduct, and an acceptable parole plan.
(6) “Park” has the same meaning as provided in s. 775.215.
(7) “Playground” has the same meaning as provided in s. 775.215.
(8) “Presumptive parole release date” means the tentative parole release date as determined by objective parole guidelines.
(9) “Provisional release date” means the date projected for the prisoner’s release from custody as determined pursuant to 1s. 944.277.
(10) “Qualified practitioner” means a social worker, a mental health counselor, or a marriage and family therapist licensed under chapter 491 who, as determined by rule of the respective board, has the coursework, training, qualifications, and experience to evaluate and treat sexual offenders; a psychiatrist licensed under chapter 458 or chapter 459; or a psychologist licensed under chapter 490.
(11) “Risk assessment” means an assessment completed by an independent qualified practitioner to evaluate the level of risk associated when a sex offender has contact with a child.
(12) “Safety plan” means a written document prepared by the qualified practitioner, in collaboration with the sex offender, the child’s parent or legal guardian, and, when appropriate, the child, which establishes clear roles and responsibilities for each individual involved in any contact between the child and the sex offender.
(13) “School” has the same meaning as provided in s. 775.215.
(14) “Secretary” means the Secretary of Corrections.
(15) “Tentative release date” means the date projected for the prisoner’s release from custody by virtue of gain-time granted or forfeited pursuant to s. 944.275(3)(a).
History.s. 3, ch. 78-417; s. 101, ch. 79-3; s. 2, ch. 81-322; s. 34, ch. 83-131; ss. 24, 37, ch. 86-183; ss. 14, 66, 67, ch. 88-122; s. 1, ch. 89-526; ss. 11, 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 1, ch. 2005-67; s. 7, ch. 2007-200; s. 8, ch. 2007-209; s. 9, ch. 2010-92; s. 40, ch. 2014-191.
1Note.Repealed by s. 32, ch. 93-406.
947.01 Florida Commission on Offender Review; creation; number of members.A Florida Commission on Offender Review is created to consist of six members who are residents of the state. Effective July 1, 1996, the membership of the commission shall be three members.
History.s. 1, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 1, ch. 63-83; s. 1, ch. 65-453; s. 30, ch. 74-112; s. 84, ch. 77-120; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 4, ch. 78-417; s. 102, ch. 79-3; ss. 23, 34, ch. 83-131; s. 13, ch. 85-288; ss. 25, 37, ch. 86-183; s. 4, ch. 87-300; ss. 15, 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; ss. 9, 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 39, ch. 95-283; s. 12, ch. 96-422; s. 41, ch. 2014-191.
947.02 Florida Commission on Offender Review; members, appointment.
(1) Except as provided in s. 947.021, the members of the Florida Commission on Offender Review shall be appointed by the Governor and Cabinet from a list of eligible applicants submitted by a parole qualifications committee. The appointments of members of the commission shall be certified to the Senate by the Governor and Cabinet for confirmation, and the membership of the commission shall include representation from minority persons as defined in s. 288.703.
(2) A parole qualifications committee shall consist of five persons who are appointed by the Governor and Cabinet. One member shall be designated as chair by the Governor and Cabinet. The committee shall provide for statewide advertisement and the receiving of applications for any position or positions on the commission and shall devise a plan for the determination of the qualifications of the applicants by investigations and comprehensive evaluations, including, but not limited to, investigation and evaluation of the character, habits, and philosophy of each applicant. Each parole qualifications committee shall exist for 2 years. If additional vacancies on the commission occur during this 2-year period, the committee may advertise and accept additional applications; however, all previously submitted applications shall be considered along with the new applications according to the previously established plan for the evaluation of the qualifications of applicants.
(3) Within 90 days before an anticipated vacancy by expiration of term pursuant to s. 947.03 or upon any other vacancy, the Governor and Cabinet shall appoint a parole qualifications committee if one has not been appointed during the previous 2 years. The committee shall consider applications for the commission seat, including the application of an incumbent commissioner if he or she applies, according to subsection (2). The committee shall submit a list of three eligible applicants, which may include the incumbent if the committee so decides, without recommendation, to the Governor and Cabinet for appointment to the commission. In the case of an unexpired term, the appointment must be for the remainder of the unexpired term and until a successor is appointed and qualified. If more than one seat is vacant, the committee shall submit a list of eligible applicants, without recommendation, containing a number of names equal to three times the number of vacant seats; however, the names submitted may not be distinguished by seat, and each submitted applicant shall be considered eligible for each vacancy.
(4) Upon receiving a list of eligible persons from the parole qualifications committee, the Governor and Cabinet may reject the list. If the list is rejected, the committee shall reinitiate the application and examination procedure according to subsection (2).
(5) Section 120.525 and chapters 119 and 286 apply to all activities and proceedings of a parole qualifications committee.
History.s. 1, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 2, ch. 65-453; s. 33, ch. 69-106; s. 31, ch. 74-112; s. 1, ch. 75-207; s. 5, ch. 78-417; ss. 24, 34, ch. 83-131; s. 37, ch. 86-183; ss. 16, 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 1, ch. 93-61; s. 324, ch. 96-410; s. 13, ch. 96-422; s. 1869, ch. 97-102; s. 42, ch. 2014-191.
947.021 Florida Commission on Offender Review; expedited appointments.Whenever the Legislature decreases the membership of the commission, all terms of office shall expire, notwithstanding any law to the contrary. Under such circumstances, the Governor and Cabinet shall expedite the appointment of commissioners. Notwithstanding the parole qualifications committee procedure in s. 947.02, members shall be directly appointed by the Governor and Cabinet. Members appointed to the commission may be selected from incumbents. Members shall be certified to the Senate by the Governor and Cabinet for confirmation, and the membership of the commission shall include representation from minority persons as defined in s. 288.703.
History.s. 14, ch. 96-422; s. 43, ch. 2014-191.
947.03 Commissioners; tenure and removal.
(1) Upon the expiration of the term of any member of the commission, a successor shall be appointed by the Governor and Cabinet for a term of 6 years, unless otherwise provided by law. No person is eligible to be appointed for more than two consecutive 6-year terms.
(2) Vacancies in the membership of the commission shall be filled by the Governor and Cabinet for the unexpired term in the manner provided for in s. 947.02.
(3) Each member appointed by the Governor and Cabinet is accountable to the Governor and Cabinet for the proper performance of the duties of his or her office. The Governor and Cabinet may remove from office any such member for malfeasance, misfeasance, neglect of duty, drunkenness, incompetence, or permanent inability to perform official duties or for pleading guilty or nolo contendere to, or being found guilty of, a felony. All such removals shall be submitted to the Senate for its consent as provided by the constitution.
History.s. 1, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 3, ch. 65-453; s. 6, ch. 69-216; s. 33, ch. 69-106; s. 1, ch. 79-42; ss. 25, 34, ch. 83-131; ss. 26, 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; ss. 10, 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 15, ch. 96-422; s. 1870, ch. 97-102; s. 5, ch. 2000-328.
947.04 Organization of commission; officers; offices.
(1) Before July 1 of each even-numbered year, the Governor and Cabinet shall select a chair who shall serve for a period of 2 years and until a successor is selected and qualified. The Governor and Cabinet shall, at the same time that a chair is selected, select a vice chair to serve during the same 2-year period as the chair, in the absence of the chair. The chair may succeed himself or herself. The chair, as chief administrative officer of the commission, has the authority and responsibility to plan, direct, coordinate, and execute the powers, duties, and responsibilities assigned to the commission, except those of granting and revoking parole as provided for in this chapter. Subject to approval by the Governor and the Cabinet, the chair may assign consenting retired commissioners or former commissioners to temporary duty when there is a workload need. Any such commissioner shall be paid $100 for each day or portion of a day spent on the work of the commission and shall be reimbursed for travel expenses as provided in s. 112.061. The chair is authorized to provide or disseminate information relative to parole by means of documents, seminars, programs, or otherwise as he or she determines necessary. The chair shall establish, execute, and be held accountable for all administrative policy decisions. However, decisions to grant or revoke parole shall be made in accordance with the provisions of ss. 947.172, 947.174, and 947.23. The commissioners shall be directly accountable to the chair in the execution of their duties as commissioners, and the chair has authority to recommend to the Governor suspension of a commissioner who fails to perform the duties provided for by statute.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of s. 20.05(1)(g), the chair shall appoint administrators with responsibility for the management of commission activities in the following functional areas:
(a) Administration.
(b) Operations.
(c) Clemency.
(3) The commissioners shall select from their number a secretary who shall serve for a period of 1 year or until a successor is elected and qualified.
(4) The commission may establish and maintain field offices within existing administration buildings at facilities and institutions operated by the department. Headquarters shall be located in Tallahassee. The business of the commission shall be transacted anywhere in the state as provided in s. 947.06. The commission shall keep its official records and papers at the headquarters, which it shall furnish and equip.
(5) Acts and decisions of the chair may be modified as provided in s. 947.06.
History.s. 2, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 6, ch. 78-417; s. 2, ch. 79-42; s. 3, ch. 82-171; ss. 22, 34, ch. 83-131; s. 1, ch. 85-295; ss. 27, 37, ch. 86-183; ss. 1, 2, ch. 87-300; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 15, ch. 90-211; ss. 20, 21, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 2, ch. 93-61; s. 18, ch. 96-422; s. 24, ch. 97-78; s. 1871, ch. 97-102; s. 4, ch. 2001-124.
947.045 Federal Grants Trust Fund.The Federal Grants Trust Fund is hereby created, to be administered by the Florida Commission on Offender Review.
(1) Funds to be credited to the trust fund shall consist of receipts from federal grants and shall be used for the various purposes for which the federal funds were intended.
(2) Notwithstanding s. 216.301 and pursuant to s. 216.351, any balance in the trust fund at the end of any fiscal year shall remain in the trust fund at the end of the year and shall be available for carrying out the purposes of the trust fund.
History.s. 1, ch. 2005-90; s. 2, ch. 2009-27; s. 44, ch. 2014-191.
947.05 Seal.The commission shall adopt an official seal of which the courts shall take judicial notice.
History.s. 3, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2.
947.06 Meeting; when commission may act.The commission shall meet at regularly scheduled intervals and from time to time as may otherwise be determined by the chair. The making of recommendations to the Governor and Cabinet in matters relating to modifications of acts and decisions of the chair as provided in s. 947.04(1) shall be by a majority vote of the commission. No prisoner shall be placed on parole except as provided in ss. 947.172 and 947.174 by a panel of no fewer than two commissioners appointed by the chair. All matters relating to the granting, denying, or revoking of parole shall be decided in a meeting at which the public shall have the right to be present. Victims of the crime committed by the inmate shall be permitted to make an oral statement or submit a written statement regarding their views as to the granting, denying, or revoking of parole. Persons not members or employees of the commission or victims of the crime committed by the inmate may be permitted to participate in deliberations concerning the granting and revoking of paroles only upon the prior written approval of the chair of the commission. To facilitate the ability of victims and other persons to attend commission meetings, the commission shall meet in various counties including, but not limited to, Broward, Duval, Escambia, Hillsborough, Leon, Miami-Dade, Orange, and Palm Beach, with the location chosen being as close as possible to the location where the parole-eligible inmate committed the offense for which the parole-eligible inmate was sentenced. The commission shall adopt rules governing the oral participation of victims and the submission of written statements by victims.
History.s. 4, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 1, ch. 23757, 1947; s. 7, ch. 78-417; s. 3, ch. 79-42; s. 34, ch. 83-131; ss. 28, 37, ch. 86-183; s. 10, ch. 88-96; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 16, ch. 90-211; ss. 20, 22, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; ss. 1668, 1669, ch. 97-102; ss. 171, 172, ch. 2008-4; s. 44, ch. 2010-117.
947.07 Rules.The commission has authority to adopt rules pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 for its governance, including among other things rules of practice and procedure and rules prescribing qualifications to be possessed by its employees.
History.s. 27, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 1, ch. 23757, 1947; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 228, ch. 98-200.
947.071 Rulemaking procedures; indexing of orders.
(1) It is the intent of the Legislature that all rulemaking procedures by the commission be conducted pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act, chapter 120.
(2) The only final orders of the commission which shall be indexed pursuant to chapter 120 are:
(a) Orders granting parole.
(b) Orders revoking parole.
(c) Orders restoring to supervision.
(d) Orders releasing from custody and further supervision.
(e) Early parole termination orders.
(f) Orders granting conditional release.
(g) Orders revoking conditional release.
History.s. 34, ch. 74-112; s. 4, ch. 82-171; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 37, ch. 86-183; ss. 17, 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2.
947.10 Business and political activity upon part of members and full-time employees of commission.No member of the commission and no full-time employee thereof shall, during her or his service upon or under the commission, engage in any other business or profession or hold any other public office, nor shall she or he serve as the representative of any political party, or any executive committee or other governing body thereof, or as an executive officer or employee of any political committee, organization, or association or be engaged on the behalf of any candidate for public office in the solicitation of votes or otherwise. However, this shall not be deemed to exclude the appointment of the Secretary of Corrections to the commission under the terms and conditions set forth in this chapter.
History.s. 7, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 32, ch. 74-112; s. 85, ch. 77-120; s. 103, ch. 79-3; s. 34, ch. 83-131; ss. 30, 37, ch. 86-183; ss. 60, 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 1670, ch. 97-102.
947.11 Legal adviser.The Department of Legal Affairs shall be the legal adviser of the commission.
History.s. 8, ch. 20519, 1941; ss. 11, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2.
947.12 Members, employees, expenses.
(1) The members of the commission and its employees shall be reimbursed for travel expenses as provided in s. 112.061. All bills for expenses shall be properly receipted, audited, and approved and forwarded to the Chief Financial Officer and shall be paid in a manner and form as the bills for the expenses of the several departments of the state government are paid. All expenses, including salaries and other compensation, shall be paid from the General Revenue Fund and within the appropriation as fixed therefor by the Legislature. Such expenses shall be paid by the Chief Financial Officer upon proper warrants drawn upon vouchers and requisitions approved by the commission.
(2) The members of the examining board created in s. 947.02 shall each be paid per diem and travel expenses pursuant to s. 112.061 when traveling in the performance of their duties.
History.s. 9, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 1, ch. 22864, 1945; s. 1, ch. 24033, 1947; s. 8, ch. 57-401; s. 19, ch. 63-400; s. 6, ch. 82-171; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 17, ch. 85-61; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 1937, ch. 2003-261.
947.13 Powers and duties of commission.
(1) The commission shall have the powers and perform the duties of:
(a) Determining what persons shall be placed on parole, subject to the provisions of ss. 947.172 and 947.174.
(b) Fixing the time and conditions of parole, as provided in this chapter.
(c) Determining whether a person has violated parole and taking action with respect to such a violation.
(d) Making such investigations as may be necessary.
(e) Reporting to the Board of Executive Clemency the circumstances, the criminal records, and the social, physical, mental, and psychiatric conditions and histories of persons under consideration by the board for pardon, commutation of sentence, or remission of fine, penalty, or forfeiture.
(f) Establishing the terms and conditions of persons released on conditional release under s. 947.1405, and determining subsequent ineligibility for conditional release due to a violation of the terms or conditions of conditional release and taking action with respect to such a violation.
(g) As the Control Release Authority, determining what persons will be released on control release under s. 947.146, establishing the time and conditions of control release, if any, and determining whether a person has violated the conditions of control release and taking action with respect to such a violation.
(h) Determining what persons will be released on conditional medical release under s. 947.149, establishing the conditions of conditional medical release, and determining whether a person has violated the conditions of conditional medical release and taking action with respect to such a violation.
(2)(a) The commission shall immediately examine records of the department under s. 945.25, and any other records which it obtains, and may make such other investigations as may be necessary.
(b) The Department of Children and Families and all other state, county, and city agencies, sheriffs and their deputies, and all peace officers shall cooperate with the commission and the department and shall aid and assist them in the performance of their duties.
History.s. 10, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 1, ch. 72-256; ss. 86, 87, ch. 77-120; s. 476, ch. 77-147; s. 9, ch. 78-417; s. 104, ch. 79-3; s. 7, ch. 82-171; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 2, ch. 85-295; ss. 31, 37, ch. 86-183; ss. 18, 67, ch. 88-122; s. 46, ch. 89-526; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 4, ch. 93-61; s. 320, ch. 99-8; s. 52, ch. 2004-335; s. 329, ch. 2014-19.
947.135 Mutual participation program.
(1) SHORT TITLE.This act shall be known and may be cited as the “Mutual Participation Program Act of 1976.”
(2) LEGISLATIVE INTENT.It is the intent of the Legislature to:
(a) Involve the department and the commission in program planning with the offender while the offender is incarcerated, leading to the establishment of certain criteria affecting the grant of parole and release from parole.
(b) Involve the offender in developing her or his individual rehabilitation program for the period of incarceration and parole with the department and the commission.
(c) Require establishment of criteria to be used in determining which offenders are eligible for this program.
(d) Encourage, through department and commission action, youthful offenders who are housed within institutions of the department to participate in the program.

However, no offender shall be eligible to participate in this program who was sentenced as an habitual felony offender pursuant to s. 775.084 or who was convicted of a capital or life felony as provided by s. 775.081, s. 775.082, or s. 775.083. Offenders meeting eligibility criteria may be offered the opportunity to participate in the program which will include a parole date.

(3) MUTUAL PARTICIPATION PROGRAM; DEVELOPMENT; CRITERIA; DEPARTMENT AND COMMISSION RULES.
(a) The department and the commission shall jointly develop a mutual participation program which sets forth for each eligible offender the terms of her or his institutional confinement, a parole date, and terms of parole supervision and release, provided such offender meets the criteria set forth in this act and any additional criteria established by the department and the commission.
1. The department and the commission, as a portion of the mutual participation program, shall require that each eligible offender satisfactorily work at a job within the institution or as a part of a correctional industries program or satisfactorily participate in a vocational training or educational program offered by the department. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to exclude eligible offenders from meeting both the work requirements and training and educational requirements when deemed appropriate by the department and commission.
2. Additional criteria shall be established and required by the commission and the department for participation in the program, including, but not limited to, vocational counseling and work-release programs; however, criteria for satisfactory participation in the program shall not include academic classroom instruction at the college level.
3. A panel of at least two members of the commission shall establish a parole date for each eligible offender, based on the satisfactory completion of the program. In no case shall such date fall after the date which would have been established under s. 947.172.
(b) The commission shall promulgate rules on criteria used to establish parole dates, conditions precedent to the granting of parole, terms of parole, and release from parole. The department and the commission shall establish such criteria relating to parole supervision, which criteria shall include, but not be limited to, the requirements for participation in vocational or counseling programs available in the community, stipulations related to employment, and other criteria considered necessary for the successful reintegration of the offender into society.
(c) Periodic written reports of the offender’s progress in the program shall be submitted to the department and the commission.
History.ss. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, ch. 76-274; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 10, ch. 78-417; s. 105, ch. 79-3; s. 13, ch. 79-42; s. 194, ch. 79-164; s. 498, ch. 81-259; s. 8, ch. 82-171; s. 10, ch. 83-131; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 1671, ch. 97-102.
947.1405 Conditional release program.
(1) This section and s. 947.141 may be cited as the “Conditional Release Program Act.”
(2) Any inmate who:
(a) Is convicted of a crime committed on or after October 1, 1988, and before January 1, 1994, and any inmate who is convicted of a crime committed on or after January 1, 1994, which crime is or was contained in category 1, category 2, category 3, or category 4 of Rule 3.701 and Rule 3.988, Florida Rules of Criminal Procedure (1993), and who has served at least one prior felony commitment at a state or federal correctional institution;
(b) Is sentenced as a habitual or violent habitual offender or a violent career criminal pursuant to s. 775.084; or
(c) Is found to be a sexual predator under s. 775.21 or former s. 775.23,

shall, upon reaching the tentative release date or provisional release date, whichever is earlier, as established by the Department of Corrections, be released under supervision subject to specified terms and conditions, including payment of the cost of supervision pursuant to s. 948.09. Such supervision shall be applicable to all sentences within the overall term of sentences if an inmate’s overall term of sentences includes one or more sentences that are eligible for conditional release supervision as provided herein. Effective July 1, 1994, and applicable for offenses committed on or after that date, the commission may require, as a condition of conditional release, that the releasee make payment of the debt due and owing to a county or municipal detention facility under s. 951.032 for medical care, treatment, hospitalization, or transportation received by the releasee while in that detention facility. The commission, in determining whether to order such repayment and the amount of such repayment, shall consider the amount of the debt, whether there was any fault of the institution for the medical expenses incurred, the financial resources of the releasee, the present and potential future financial needs and earning ability of the releasee, and dependents, and other appropriate factors. If any inmate placed on conditional release supervision is also subject to probation or community control, resulting from a probationary or community control split sentence within the overall term of sentences, the Department of Corrections shall supervise such person according to the conditions imposed by the court and the commission shall defer to such supervision. If the court revokes probation or community control and resentences the offender to a term of incarceration, such revocation also constitutes a sufficient basis for the revocation of the conditional release supervision on any nonprobationary or noncommunity control sentence without further hearing by the commission. If any such supervision on any nonprobationary or noncommunity control sentence is revoked, such revocation may result in a forfeiture of all gain-time, and the commission may revoke the resulting deferred conditional release supervision or take other action it considers appropriate. If the term of conditional release supervision exceeds that of the probation or community control, then, upon expiration of the probation or community control, authority for the supervision shall revert to the commission and the supervision shall be subject to the conditions imposed by the commission. A panel of no fewer than two commissioners shall establish the terms and conditions of any such release. If the offense was a controlled substance violation, the conditions shall include a requirement that the offender submit to random substance abuse testing intermittently throughout the term of conditional release supervision, upon the direction of the correctional probation officer as defined in s. 943.10(3). The commission shall also determine whether the terms and conditions of such release have been violated and whether such violation warrants revocation of the conditional release.

(3) As part of the conditional release process, the commission, through review and consideration of information provided by the department, shall determine:
(a) The amount of reparation or restitution.
(b) The consequences of the offense as reported by the aggrieved party.
(c) The aggrieved party’s fear of the inmate or concerns about the release of the inmate.
(4) The commission shall provide to the aggrieved party information regarding the manner in which notice of any developments concerning the status of the inmate during the term of conditional release may be requested.
(5) Within 180 days prior to the tentative release date or provisional release date, whichever is earlier, a representative of the department shall review the inmate’s program participation, disciplinary record, psychological and medical records, criminal records, and any other information pertinent to the impending release. The department shall gather and compile information necessary for the commission to make the determinations set forth in subsection (3). A department representative shall conduct a personal interview with the inmate for the purpose of determining the details of the inmate’s release plan, including the inmate’s planned residence and employment. The department representative shall forward the inmate’s release plan to the commission and recommend to the commission the terms and conditions of the conditional release.
(6) The commission shall review the recommendations of the department, and such other information as it deems relevant, and may conduct a review of the inmate’s record for the purpose of establishing the terms and conditions of the conditional release. The commission may impose any special conditions it considers warranted from its review of the release plan and recommendation. If the commission determines that the inmate is eligible for release under this section, the commission shall enter an order establishing the length of supervision and the conditions attendant thereto. However, an inmate who has been convicted of a violation of chapter 794 or found by the court to be a sexual predator is subject to the maximum level of supervision provided, with the mandatory conditions as required in subsection (7), and that supervision shall continue through the end of the releasee’s original court-imposed sentence. The length of supervision must not exceed the maximum penalty imposed by the court.
(7)(a) Any inmate who is convicted of a crime committed on or after October 1, 1995, or who has been previously convicted of a crime committed on or after October 1, 1995, in violation of chapter 794, s. 800.04, s. 827.071, s. 847.0135(5), or s. 847.0145, and is subject to conditional release supervision, shall have, in addition to any other conditions imposed, the following special conditions imposed by the commission:
1. A mandatory curfew from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. The commission may designate another 8-hour period if the offender’s employment precludes the above specified time, and such alternative is recommended by the Department of Corrections. If the commission determines that imposing a curfew would endanger the victim, the commission may consider alternative sanctions.
2. If the victim was under the age of 18, a prohibition on living within 1,000 feet of a school, child care facility, park, playground, designated public school bus stop, or other place where children regularly congregate. A releasee who is subject to this subparagraph may not relocate to a residence that is within 1,000 feet of a public school bus stop. Beginning October 1, 2004, the commission or the department may not approve a residence that is located within 1,000 feet of a school, child care facility, park, playground, designated school bus stop, or other place where children regularly congregate for any releasee who is subject to this subparagraph. On October 1, 2004, the department shall notify each affected school district of the location of the residence of a releasee 30 days prior to release and thereafter, if the releasee relocates to a new residence, shall notify any affected school district of the residence of the releasee within 30 days after relocation. If, on October 1, 2004, any public school bus stop is located within 1,000 feet of the existing residence of such releasee, the district school board shall relocate that school bus stop. Beginning October 1, 2004, a district school board may not establish or relocate a public school bus stop within 1,000 feet of the residence of a releasee who is subject to this subparagraph. The failure of the district school board to comply with this subparagraph shall not result in a violation of conditional release supervision. A releasee who is subject to this subparagraph may not be forced to relocate and does not violate his or her conditional release supervision if he or she is living in a residence that meets the requirements of this subparagraph and a school, child care facility, park, playground, designated public school bus stop, or other place where children regularly congregate is subsequently established within 1,000 feet of his or her residence.
3. Active participation in and successful completion of a sex offender treatment program with qualified practitioners specifically trained to treat sex offenders, at the releasee’s own expense. If a qualified practitioner is not available within a 50-mile radius of the releasee’s residence, the offender shall participate in other appropriate therapy.
4. A prohibition on any contact with the victim, directly or indirectly, including through a third person, unless approved by the victim, a qualified practitioner in the sexual offender treatment program, and the sentencing court.
5. If the victim was under the age of 18, a prohibition against contact with children under the age of 18 without review and approval by the commission. The commission may approve supervised contact with a child under the age of 18 if the approval is based upon a recommendation for contact issued by a qualified practitioner who is basing the recommendation on a risk assessment. Further, the sex offender must be currently enrolled in or have successfully completed a sex offender therapy program. The commission may not grant supervised contact with a child if the contact is not recommended by a qualified practitioner and may deny supervised contact with a child at any time. When considering whether to approve supervised contact with a child, the commission must review and consider the following:
a. A risk assessment completed by a qualified practitioner. The qualified practitioner must prepare a written report that must include the findings of the assessment and address each of the following components:
(I) The sex offender’s current legal status;
(II) The sex offender’s history of adult charges with apparent sexual motivation;
(III) The sex offender’s history of adult charges without apparent sexual motivation;
(IV) The sex offender’s history of juvenile charges, whenever available;
(V) The sex offender’s offender treatment history, including a consultation from the sex offender’s treating, or most recent treating, therapist;
(VI) The sex offender’s current mental status;
(VII) The sex offender’s mental health and substance abuse history as provided by the Department of Corrections;
(VIII) The sex offender’s personal, social, educational, and work history;
(IX) The results of current psychological testing of the sex offender if determined necessary by the qualified practitioner;
(X) A description of the proposed contact, including the location, frequency, duration, and supervisory arrangement;
(XI) The child’s preference and relative comfort level with the proposed contact, when age-appropriate;
(XII) The parent’s or legal guardian’s preference regarding the proposed contact; and
(XIII) The qualified practitioner’s opinion, along with the basis for that opinion, as to whether the proposed contact would likely pose significant risk of emotional or physical harm to the child.

The written report of the assessment must be given to the commission.

b. A recommendation made as a part of the risk-assessment report as to whether supervised contact with the child should be approved;
c. A written consent signed by the child’s parent or legal guardian, if the parent or legal guardian is not the sex offender, agreeing to the sex offender having supervised contact with the child after receiving full disclosure of the sex offender’s present legal status, past criminal history, and the results of the risk assessment. The commission may not approve contact with the child if the parent or legal guardian refuses to give written consent for supervised contact;
d. A safety plan prepared by the qualified practitioner, who provides treatment to the offender, in collaboration with the sex offender, the child’s parent or legal guardian, and the child, when age appropriate, which details the acceptable conditions of contact between the sex offender and the child. The safety plan must be reviewed and approved by the Department of Corrections before being submitted to the commission; and
e. Evidence that the child’s parent or legal guardian, if the parent or legal guardian is not the sex offender, understands the need for and agrees to the safety plan and has agreed to provide, or to designate another adult to provide, constant supervision any time the child is in contact with the offender.

The commission may not appoint a person to conduct a risk assessment and may not accept a risk assessment from a person who has not demonstrated to the commission that he or she has met the requirements of a qualified practitioner as defined in this section.

6. If the victim was under age 18, a prohibition on working for pay or as a volunteer at any school, child care facility, park, playground, or other place where children regularly congregate, as prescribed by the commission.
7. Unless otherwise indicated in the treatment plan provided by a qualified practitioner in the sexual offender treatment program, a prohibition on viewing, owning, or possessing any obscene, pornographic, or sexually stimulating visual or auditory material, including telephone, electronic media, computer programs, or computer services that are relevant to the offender’s deviant behavior pattern.
8. Effective for a releasee whose crime is committed on or after July 1, 2005, a prohibition on accessing the Internet or other computer services until a qualified practitioner in the offender’s sex offender treatment program, after a risk assessment is completed, approves and implements a safety plan for the offender’s accessing or using the Internet or other computer services.
9. A requirement that the releasee must submit two specimens of blood to the Department of Law Enforcement to be registered with the DNA database.
10. A requirement that the releasee make restitution to the victim, as determined by the sentencing court or the commission, for all necessary medical and related professional services relating to physical, psychiatric, and psychological care.
11. Submission to a warrantless search by the community control or probation officer of the probationer’s or community controllee’s person, residence, or vehicle.
(b) For a releasee whose crime was committed on or after October 1, 1997, in violation of chapter 794, s. 800.04, s. 827.071, s. 847.0135(5), or s. 847.0145, and who is subject to conditional release supervision, in addition to any other provision of this subsection, the commission shall impose the following additional conditions of conditional release supervision:
1. As part of a treatment program, participation in a minimum of one annual polygraph examination to obtain information necessary for risk management and treatment and to reduce the sex offender’s denial mechanisms. The polygraph examination must be conducted by a polygrapher who is a member of a national or state polygraph association and who is certified as a postconviction sex offender polygrapher, where available, and at the expense of the releasee. The results of the examination shall be provided to the releasee’s probation officer and qualified practitioner and may not be used as evidence in a hearing to prove that a violation of supervision has occurred.
2. Maintenance of a driving log and a prohibition against driving a motor vehicle alone without the prior approval of the supervising officer.
3. A prohibition against obtaining or using a post office box without the prior approval of the supervising officer.
4. If there was sexual contact, a submission to, at the releasee’s expense, an HIV test with the results to be released to the victim or the victim’s parent or guardian.
5. Electronic monitoring of any form when ordered by the commission. Any person who has been placed under supervision and is electronically monitored by the department must pay the department for the cost of the electronic monitoring service at a rate that may not exceed the full cost of the monitoring service. Funds collected under this subparagraph shall be deposited into the General Revenue Fund. The department may exempt a person from the payment of all or any part of the electronic monitoring service cost if the department finds that any of the factors listed in s. 948.09(3) exist.
(8) It is the finding of the Legislature that the population of offenders released from state prison into the community who meet the conditional release criteria poses the greatest threat to the public safety of the groups of offenders under community supervision. Therefore, the Department of Corrections is to provide intensive supervision by experienced correctional probation officers to conditional release offenders. Subject to specific appropriation by the Legislature, caseloads may be restricted to a maximum of 40 conditional release offenders per officer to provide for enhanced public safety and to effectively monitor conditions of electronic monitoring or curfews, if so ordered by the commission.
(9) The commission shall adopt rules pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 necessary to implement the provisions of the Conditional Release Program Act.
(10) Effective for a releasee whose crime was committed on or after September 1, 2005, in violation of chapter 794, s. 800.04(4), (5), or (6), s. 827.071, or s. 847.0145, and the unlawful activity involved a victim who was 15 years of age or younger and the offender is 18 years of age or older or for a releasee who is designated as a sexual predator pursuant to s. 775.21, in addition to any other provision of this section, the commission must order electronic monitoring for the duration of the releasee’s supervision.
(11) Effective for a releasee whose crime was committed on or after October 1, 2008, and who has been found to have committed the crime for the purpose of benefiting, promoting, or furthering the interests of a criminal gang, the commission shall, in addition to any other conditions imposed, impose a condition prohibiting the releasee from knowingly associating with other criminal gang members or associates, except as authorized by law enforcement officials, prosecutorial authorities, or the court, for the purpose of aiding in the investigation of criminal activity.
(12) In addition to all other conditions imposed, for a releasee who is subject to conditional release for a crime that was committed on or after May 26, 2010, and who has been convicted at any time of committing, or attempting, soliciting, or conspiring to commit, any of the criminal offenses listed in s. 943.0435(1)(h)1.a.(I), or a similar offense in another jurisdiction against a victim who was under 18 years of age at the time of the offense, if the releasee has not received a pardon for any felony or similar law of another jurisdiction necessary for the operation of this subsection, if a conviction of a felony or similar law of another jurisdiction necessary for the operation of this subsection has not been set aside in any postconviction proceeding, or if the releasee has not been removed from the requirement to register as a sexual offender or sexual predator pursuant to s. 943.04354, the commission must impose the following conditions:
(a) A prohibition on visiting schools, child care facilities, parks, and playgrounds without prior approval from the releasee’s supervising officer. The commission may also designate additional prohibited locations to protect a victim. The prohibition ordered under this paragraph does not prohibit the releasee from visiting a school, child care facility, park, or playground for the sole purpose of attending a religious service as defined in s. 775.0861 or picking up or dropping off the releasee’s child or grandchild at a child care facility or school.
(b) A prohibition on distributing candy or other items to children on Halloween; wearing a Santa Claus costume, or other costume to appeal to children, on or preceding Christmas; wearing an Easter Bunny costume, or other costume to appeal to children, on or preceding Easter; entertaining at children’s parties; or wearing a clown costume without prior approval from the commission.
(13) If a person who is transferred to the custody of the Department of Children and Families pursuant to part V of chapter 394 is subject to conditional release supervision, the period of conditional release supervision is tolled until such person is no longer in the custody of the Department of Children and Families. This subsection applies to all periods of conditional release supervision which begin on or after October 1, 2014, regardless of the date of the underlying offense.
(14) Effective for a releasee whose crime was committed on or after October 1, 2014, in violation of chapter 794, s. 800.04, s. 827.071, s. 847.0135(5), or s. 847.0145, in addition to any other provision of this section, the commission must impose a condition prohibiting the releasee from viewing, accessing, owning, or possessing any obscene, pornographic, or sexually stimulating visual or auditory material unless otherwise indicated in the treatment plan provided by a qualified practitioner in the sexual offender treatment program. Visual or auditory material includes, but is not limited to, telephone, electronic media, computer programs, and computer services.
History.s. 19, ch. 88-122; ss. 12, 17, ch. 89-531; ss. 11, 20, ch. 90-337; s. 2, ch. 91-225; s. 8, ch. 91-280; s. 14, ch. 92-310; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 4, ch. 93-277; s. 4, ch. 93-417; s. 2, ch. 94-121; s. 3, ch. 94-294; s. 5, ch. 95-264; s. 57, ch. 95-283; s. 64, ch. 96-388; s. 10, ch. 97-78; s. 1872, ch. 97-102; s. 1, ch. 97-308; s. 3, ch. 2000-246; s. 5, ch. 2001-124; s. 1, ch. 2004-55; s. 16, ch. 2004-371; s. 12, ch. 2005-28; s. 2, ch. 2005-67; s. 27, ch. 2008-172; s. 23, ch. 2008-238; s. 9, ch. 2009-63; ss. 10, 18, ch. 2010-92; s. 13, ch. 2014-4; s. 55, ch. 2016-24; s. 12, ch. 2016-104; s. 17, ch. 2017-115.
947.141 Violations of conditional release, control release, or conditional medical release or addiction-recovery supervision.
(1) If a member of the commission or a duly authorized representative of the commission has reasonable grounds to believe that an offender who is on release supervision under s. 947.1405, s. 947.146, s. 947.149, or s. 944.4731 has violated the terms and conditions of the release in a material respect, such member or representative may cause a warrant to be issued for the arrest of the releasee; if the offender was found to be a sexual predator, the warrant must be issued.
(2) Upon the arrest on a felony charge of an offender who is on release supervision under s. 947.1405, s. 947.146, s. 947.149, or s. 944.4731, the offender must be detained without bond until the initial appearance of the offender at which a judicial determination of probable cause is made. If the trial court judge determines that there was no probable cause for the arrest, the offender may be released. If the trial court judge determines that there was probable cause for the arrest, such determination also constitutes reasonable grounds to believe that the offender violated the conditions of the release. Within 24 hours after the trial court judge’s finding of probable cause, the detention facility administrator or designee shall notify the commission and the department of the finding and transmit to each a facsimile copy of the probable cause affidavit or the sworn offense report upon which the trial court judge’s probable cause determination is based. The offender must continue to be detained without bond for a period not exceeding 72 hours excluding weekends and holidays after the date of the probable cause determination, pending a decision by the commission whether to issue a warrant charging the offender with violation of the conditions of release. Upon the issuance of the commission’s warrant, the offender must continue to be held in custody pending a revocation hearing held in accordance with this section.
(3) Within 45 days after notice to the Florida Commission on Offender Review of the arrest of a releasee charged with a violation of the terms and conditions of conditional release, control release, conditional medical release, or addiction-recovery supervision, the releasee must be afforded a hearing conducted by a commissioner or a duly authorized representative thereof. If the releasee elects to proceed with a hearing, the releasee must be informed orally and in writing of the following:
(a) The alleged violation with which the releasee is charged.
(b) The releasee’s right to be represented by counsel.
(c) The releasee’s right to be heard in person.
(d) The releasee’s right to secure, present, and compel the attendance of witnesses relevant to the proceeding.
(e) The releasee’s right to produce documents on the releasee’s own behalf.
(f) The releasee’s right of access to all evidence used against the releasee and to confront and cross-examine adverse witnesses.
(g) The releasee’s right to waive the hearing.
(4) Within a reasonable time following the hearing, the commissioner or the commissioner’s duly authorized representative who conducted the hearing shall make findings of fact in regard to the alleged violation. A panel of no fewer than two commissioners shall enter an order determining whether the charge of violation of conditional release, control release, conditional medical release, or addiction-recovery supervision has been sustained based upon the findings of fact presented by the hearing commissioner or authorized representative. By such order, the panel may revoke conditional release, control release, conditional medical release, or addiction-recovery supervision and thereby return the releasee to prison to serve the sentence imposed, reinstate the original order granting the release, or enter such other order as it considers proper. Effective for inmates whose offenses were committed on or after July 1, 1995, the panel may order the placement of a releasee, upon a finding of violation pursuant to this subsection, into a local detention facility as a condition of supervision.
(5) Effective for inmates whose offenses were committed on or after July 1, 1995, notwithstanding the provisions of ss. 775.08, former 921.001, 921.002, 921.187, 921.188, 944.02, and 951.23, or any other law to the contrary, by such order as provided in subsection (4), the panel, upon a finding of guilt, may, as a condition of continued supervision, place the releasee in a local detention facility for a period of incarceration not to exceed 22 months. Prior to the expiration of the term of incarceration, or upon recommendation of the chief correctional officer of that county, the commission shall cause inquiry into the inmate’s release plan and custody status in the detention facility and consider whether to restore the inmate to supervision, modify the conditions of supervision, or enter an order of revocation, thereby causing the return of the inmate to prison to serve the sentence imposed. The provisions of this section do not prohibit the panel from entering such other order or conducting any investigation that it deems proper. The commission may only place a person in a local detention facility pursuant to this section if there is a contractual agreement between the chief correctional officer of that county and the Department of Corrections. The agreement must provide for a per diem reimbursement for each person placed under this section, which is payable by the Department of Corrections for the duration of the offender’s placement in the facility. This section does not limit the commission’s ability to place a person in a local detention facility for less than 1 year.
(6) Whenever a conditional release, control release, conditional medical release, or addiction-recovery supervision is revoked by a panel of no fewer than two commissioners and the releasee is ordered to be returned to prison, the releasee, by reason of the misconduct, shall be deemed to have forfeited all gain-time or commutation of time for good conduct, as provided for by law, earned up to the date of release. However, if a conditional medical release is revoked due to the improved medical or physical condition of the releasee, the releasee shall not forfeit gain-time accrued before the date of conditional medical release. This subsection does not deprive the prisoner of the right to gain-time or commutation of time for good conduct, as provided by law, from the date of return to prison.
(7) If a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that an offender who is on release supervision under s. 947.1405, s. 947.146, s. 947.149, or s. 944.4731 has violated the terms and conditions of his or her release by committing a felony offense, the officer shall arrest the offender without a warrant, and a warrant need not be issued in the case.
History.s. 20, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 5, ch. 93-61; s. 5, ch. 93-277; s. 1, ch. 94-121; ss. 40, 58, ch. 95-283; s. 30, ch. 97-194; s. 4, ch. 97-239; s. 15, ch. 2001-110; s. 2, ch. 2002-255; s. 49, ch. 2004-11; s. 45, ch. 2014-191.
947.146 Control Release Authority.
(1) There is created a Control Release Authority which shall be composed of the members of the Florida Commission on Offender Review and which shall have the same chair as the commission. The authority shall use such commission staff as it determines is necessary to carry out its purposes.
(2) The authority shall implement a system for determining the number and type of inmates who must be released into the community under control release in order to maintain the state prison system between 99 and 100 percent of its total capacity as defined in s. 944.023. No inmate has a right to control release. Control release is an administrative function solely used to manage the state prison population within total capacity. An inmate may not receive an advancement of his or her control release date by an award of control release allotments for any period of time before the date the inmate becomes statutorily eligible for control release or before the subsequent date of establishment of the inmate’s advanceable control release date.
(3) Within 120 days prior to the date the state correctional system is projected pursuant to s. 216.136 to exceed 99 percent of total capacity, the authority shall determine eligibility for and establish a control release date for an appropriate number of parole ineligible inmates committed to the department and incarcerated within the state who have been determined by the authority to be eligible for discretionary early release pursuant to this section. In establishing control release dates, it is the intent of the Legislature that the authority prioritize consideration of eligible inmates closest to their tentative release date. The authority shall rely upon commitment data on the offender information system maintained by the department to initially identify inmates who are to be reviewed for control release consideration. The authority may use a method of objective risk assessment in determining if an eligible inmate should be released. Such assessment shall be a part of the department’s management information system. However, the authority shall have sole responsibility for determining control release eligibility, establishing a control release date, and effectuating the release of a sufficient number of inmates to maintain the inmate population between 99 percent and 100 percent of total capacity. Inmates who are ineligible for control release are inmates who are parole eligible or inmates who:
(a) Are serving a sentence that includes a mandatory minimum provision for a capital offense or drug trafficking offense and have not served the number of days equal to the mandatory minimum term less any jail-time credit awarded by the court;
(b) Are serving the mandatory minimum portion of a sentence enhanced under s. 775.087(2) or (3), or s. 784.07(3);
(c) Are convicted, or have been previously convicted, of committing or attempting to commit sexual battery, incest, or any of the following lewd or indecent assaults or acts: masturbating in public; exposing the sexual organs in a perverted manner; or nonconsensual handling or fondling of the sexual organs of another person;
(d) Are convicted, or have been previously convicted, of committing or attempting to commit assault, aggravated assault, battery, or aggravated battery, and a sex act was attempted or completed during commission of such offense;
(e) Are convicted, or have been previously convicted, of committing or attempting to commit kidnapping, burglary, or murder, and the offense was committed with the intent to commit sexual battery or a sex act was attempted or completed during commission of the offense;
(f) Are convicted, or have been previously convicted, of committing or attempting to commit false imprisonment upon a child under the age of 13 and, in the course of committing the offense, the inmate committed aggravated child abuse, sexual battery against the child, or a lewd or lascivious offense committed upon or in the presence of a person less than 16 years of age;
(g) Are sentenced, have previously been sentenced, or have been sentenced at any time under s. 775.084, or have been sentenced at any time in another jurisdiction as a habitual offender;
(h) Are convicted, or have been previously convicted, of committing or attempting to commit assault, aggravated assault, battery, aggravated battery, kidnapping, manslaughter, or murder against an officer as defined in s. 943.10(1), (2), (3), (6), (7), (8), or (9); against a state attorney or assistant state attorney; or against a justice or judge of a court described in Art. V of the State Constitution; or against an officer, judge, or state attorney employed in a comparable position by any other jurisdiction; or
(i) Are convicted, or have been previously convicted, of committing or attempting to commit murder in the first, second, or third degree under s. 782.04(1), (2), (3), or (4), or have ever been convicted of any degree of murder or attempted murder in another jurisdiction;
(j) Are convicted, or have been previously convicted, of DUI manslaughter under s. 316.193(3)(c)3., and are sentenced, or have been sentenced at any time, as a habitual offender for such offense, or have been sentenced at any time in another jurisdiction as a habitual offender for such offense;
(k)1. Are serving a sentence for an offense committed on or after January 1, 1994, for a violation of the Law Enforcement Protection Act under s. 775.0823(2), (3), (4), (5), or (6), and the subtotal of the offender’s sentence points is multiplied pursuant to former s. 921.0014 or s. 921.0024;
2. Are serving a sentence for an offense committed on or after October 1, 1995, for a violation of the Law Enforcement Protection Act under s. 775.0823(2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), or (9), and the subtotal of the offender’s sentence points is multiplied pursuant to former s. 921.0014 or s. 921.0024;
(l) Are serving a sentence for an offense committed on or after January 1, 1994, for possession of a firearm, semiautomatic firearm, or machine gun in which additional points are added to the subtotal of the offender’s sentence points pursuant to former s. 921.0014 or s. 921.0024; or
(m) Are convicted, or have been previously convicted, of committing or attempting to commit manslaughter, kidnapping, robbery, carjacking, home-invasion robbery, or a burglary under s. 810.02(2).

In making control release eligibility determinations under this subsection, the authority may rely on any document leading to or generated during the course of the criminal proceedings, including, but not limited to, any presentence or postsentence investigation or any information contained in arrest reports relating to circumstances of the offense.

(4) Control release dates shall be based upon a system of uniform criteria which shall include, but not be limited to, present offenses for which the person is committed, past criminal conduct, length of cumulative sentences, and age of the offender at the time of commitment, together with any aggravating or mitigating circumstances.
(5) Whenever the inmate population drops below 99 percent of total capacity and remains below 99 percent for 90 consecutive days without requiring the release of inmates under this section, all control release dates shall become void and no inmate shall be eligible for release under any previously established control release date. An inmate shall not have a right to a control release date, nor shall the authority be required to establish or reestablish any additional control release dates except under the provisions of subsection (2).
(6) For purpose of determining eligibility for control release, the mandatory minimum portion of a concurrent sentence will begin on the date the sentence begins to run as provided in s. 921.161. The mandatory minimum portions of consecutive sentences shall be served at the beginning of the maximum sentence as established by the Department of Corrections. With respect to offenders who have more than one sentence with a mandatory minimum portion, each mandatory minimum portion of consecutive sentences shall be served consecutively; provided, that in no case shall a sentence begin to run before the date of imposition of that sentence.
(7) The authority has the power and duty to:
(a) Extend or advance the control release date of any inmate for whom a date has been established pursuant to subsection (2), based upon one or more of the following:
1. Recently discovered information of:
a. Past criminal conduct;
b. Verified threats by inmates provided by victims, law enforcement, or the department;
c. Potential risk to or vulnerability of a victim;
d. Psychological or physical trauma to the victim due to the criminal offense;
e. Court-ordered restitution;
f. History of abuse or addiction to a chemical substance verified by a presentence or postsentence investigation report;
g. The inmate’s ties to organized crime;
h. A change in the inmate’s sentence structure;
i. Cooperation with law enforcement;
j. Strong community support; and
k. A documented mental condition as a factor for future criminal behavior.
2. The recommendation of the department regarding:
a. A medical or mental health-related condition; or
b. Institutional adjustment of the inmate, which may include refusal by the inmate to sign the agreement to the conditions of the release plan.
3. Total capacity of the state prison system.
(b) Authorize an individual commissioner to postpone a control release date for not more than 60 days without a hearing for any inmate who has become the subject of a disciplinary proceeding, a criminal arrest, an information, or an indictment; who has been terminated from work release; or about whom there is any recently discovered information as specified in paragraph (a).
(c) Determine the terms, conditions, and period of time of control release for persons released pursuant to this section.
(d) Determine violations of control release and what actions shall be taken with reference thereto.
(e) Provide for victim input into the decisionmaking process which may be used by the authority as aggravation or mitigation in determining which persons shall be released on control release.
(f) Make such investigations as may be necessary for the purposes of establishing, modifying, or revoking a control release date.
(g) Contract with a public defender or private counsel for representation of indigent persons charged with violating the terms of control release.
(h) Adopt such rules as the authority deems necessary for implementation of the provisions of this section.
(8) The Department of Corrections shall select and contract with public or private organizations for the provision of basic support services for inmates whose term of control release supervision does not exceed 180 days. Basic support services shall include, but not be limited to, substance abuse counseling, temporary housing, family counseling, and employment support programs.
(9) The authority shall examine such records as it deems necessary of the department, the Department of Children and Families, the Department of Law Enforcement, and any other such agency for the purpose of either establishing, modifying, or revoking a control release date. The victim impact statement shall be included in such records for examination. Such agencies shall provide the information requested by the authority for the purposes of fulfilling the requirements of this section.
(10) The authority shall adopt as a standard condition for all persons released pursuant to this section that such persons shall not commit a violation which constitutes a felony. The authority shall determine the appropriate terms, conditions, and lengths of supervision, if any, for persons placed on control release, except that such lengths of supervision shall be determined as provided in s. 947.24 and may not exceed the maximum period for which the person has been sentenced. If the person’s conviction was for a controlled substance violation, the conditions must include a requirement that the person submit to random substance abuse testing intermittently throughout the term of supervision, and, when warranted, a requirement that the person participate in substance abuse assessment and substance abuse treatment services upon the direction of the correctional probation officer as defined in s. 943.10(3). Effective July 1, 1994, and applicable for offenses committed on or after that date, the authority may require, as a condition of control release, that the control releasee make payment of the debt due and owing to a county or municipal detention facility under s. 951.032 for medical care, treatment, hospitalization, or transportation received by the releasee while in that detention facility. The authority, in determining whether to order such repayment and the amount of such repayment, shall consider the amount of the debt, whether there was any fault of the institution for the medical expenses incurred, the financial resources of the releasee, the present and potential future financial needs and earning ability of the releasee, and dependents, and other appropriate factors. If any inmate placed on control release supervision is also subject to probation or community control, the department shall supervise such person according to the conditions imposed by the court, and the authority shall defer to such supervision. If the court revokes the probation or community control, the authority, as the result of the revocation, may vacate the grant of control release and resulting deferred control release supervision or take other action it considers appropriate. If the term of control release supervision exceeds that of the probation or community control, then supervision shall revert to the authority’s conditions upon expiration of the probation or community control.
(11) If an inmate is released on control release supervision subject to a detainer for a pending charge and the pending charge results in a new commitment to incarceration before expiration of the terms of control release supervision, the authority may vacate the grant of control release and the control release supervision or take other action it considers appropriate.
(12) When the authority has reasonable grounds to believe that an offender released under this section has violated the terms and conditions of control release, such offender shall be subject to the provisions of s. 947.141 and shall be subject to forfeiture of gain-time pursuant to s. 944.28(1).
(13) If it is discovered that any control releasee was placed on control release by error or while statutorily ineligible for such release, the order of control release may be vacated and the Control Release Authority may cause a warrant to be issued for the arrest and return of the control releasee to the custody of the Department of Corrections for service of the unserved portion of the sentence or combined sentences.
(14) Effective July 1, 1996, all control release dates established prior to such date become void and no inmate shall be eligible for release under any previously established control release date. Offenders who are under control release supervision as of July 1, 1996, shall be subject to the conditions established by the authority until such offenders have been discharged from supervision. Offenders who have warrants outstanding based on violation of supervision as of July 1, 1996, or who violate the terms of their supervision subsequent to July 1, 1996, shall be subject to the provisions of s. 947.141.
History.s. 2, ch. 89-526; s. 3, ch. 90-77; s. 2, ch. 90-186; s. 7, ch. 90-211; s. 12, ch. 90-337; s. 11, ch. 91-280; s. 15, ch. 92-310; s. 6, ch. 93-61; s. 27, ch. 93-406; s. 1, ch. 94-111; s. 2, ch. 94-121; s. 2, ch. 94-294; s. 27, ch. 95-184; s. 4, ch. 95-251; s. 19, ch. 96-422; s. 1873, ch. 97-102; s. 31, ch. 97-194; s. 8, ch. 98-417; s. 321, ch. 99-8; s. 3, ch. 99-12; s. 12, ch. 99-201; s. 7, ch. 2001-236; s. 7, ch. 2005-119; s. 3, ch. 2007-212; s. 5, ch. 2010-121; s. 8, ch. 2012-21; s. 330, ch. 2014-19; s. 46, ch. 2014-191; s. 6, ch. 2016-7; s. 28, ch. 2016-24; s. 28, ch. 2017-37.
947.147 Victim restitution as condition of control release.If the defendant is released under control release, any restitution ordered under s. 775.089 shall be a condition of such release. The Control Release Authority may revoke the offender’s control release if the defendant fails to comply with such order. In determining whether to revoke control release, the Control Release Authority shall consider the defendant’s employment status, earning ability, and financial resources; the willfulness of the defendant’s failure to pay; and any other special circumstances that may have a bearing on the defendant’s ability to pay.
History.s. 1, ch. 91-167; s. 8, ch. 93-37.
947.149 Conditional medical release.
(1) The commission shall, in conjunction with the department, establish the conditional medical release program. An inmate is eligible for consideration for release under the conditional medical release program when the inmate, because of an existing medical or physical condition, is determined by the department to be within one of the following designations:
(a) “Permanently incapacitated inmate,” which means an inmate who has a condition caused by injury, disease, or illness which, to a reasonable degree of medical certainty, renders the inmate permanently and irreversibly physically incapacitated to the extent that the inmate does not constitute a danger to herself or himself or others.
(b) “Terminally ill inmate,” which means an inmate who has a condition caused by injury, disease, or illness which, to a reasonable degree of medical certainty, renders the inmate terminally ill to the extent that there can be no recovery and death is imminent, so that the inmate does not constitute a danger to herself or himself or others.
(2) Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary, any person determined eligible under this section and sentenced to the custody of the department may, upon referral by the department, be considered for conditional medical release by the commission, in addition to any parole consideration for which the inmate may be considered, except that conditional medical release is not authorized for an inmate who is under sentence of death. No inmate has a right to conditional medical release or to a medical evaluation to determine eligibility for such release.
(3) The authority and whether or not to grant conditional medical release and establish additional conditions of conditional medical release rests solely within the discretion of the commission, in accordance with the provisions of this section, together with the authority to approve the release plan to include necessary medical care and attention. The department shall identify inmates who may be eligible for conditional medical release based upon available medical information and shall refer them to the commission for consideration. In considering an inmate for conditional medical release, the commission may require that additional medical evidence be produced or that additional medical examinations be conducted, and may require such other investigations to be made as may be warranted.
(4) The conditional medical release term of an inmate released on conditional medical release is for the remainder of the inmate’s sentence, without diminution of sentence for good behavior. Supervision of the medical releasee must include periodic medical evaluations at intervals determined by the commission at the time of release.
(5)(a) If it is discovered during the conditional medical release that the medical or physical condition of the medical releasee has improved to the extent that she or he would no longer be eligible for conditional medical release under this section, the commission may order that the releasee be returned to the custody of the department for a conditional medical release revocation hearing, in accordance with s. 947.141. If conditional medical release is revoked due to improvement in the medical or physical condition of the releasee, she or he shall serve the balance of her or his sentence with credit for the time served on conditional medical release and without forfeiture of any gain-time accrued prior to conditional medical release. If the person whose conditional medical release is revoked due to an improvement in medical or physical condition would otherwise be eligible for parole or any other release program, the person may be considered for such release program pursuant to law.
(b) In addition to revocation of conditional medical release pursuant to paragraph (a), conditional medical release may also be revoked for violation of any condition of the release established by the commission, in accordance with s. 947.141, and the releasee’s gain-time may be forfeited pursuant to s. 944.28(1).
(6) The department and the commission shall adopt rules as necessary to implement the conditional medical release program.
History.s. 16, ch. 92-310; s. 2, ch. 94-121; s. 1672, ch. 97-102.
947.15 Reports.On or before January 1 of each year, the commission shall make a written report to the Governor and Cabinet of its activities together with a full and detailed financial statement, copies of which shall be sent to the Department of Legal Affairs and to such other officials and persons as the commission may deem advisable. One copy of said report shall become a part of the records of the commission.
History.s. 28, ch. 20519, 1941; ss. 11, 33, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2.
947.16 Eligibility for parole; initial parole interviews; powers and duties of commission.
(1) Every person who has been convicted of a felony or who has been convicted of one or more misdemeanors and whose sentence or cumulative sentences total 12 months or more, who is confined in execution of the judgment of the court, and whose record during confinement or while under supervision is good, shall, unless otherwise provided by law, be eligible for interview for parole consideration of her or his cumulative sentence structure as follows:
(a) An inmate who has been sentenced for an indeterminate term or a term of 3 years or less shall have an initial interview conducted by a hearing examiner within 8 months after the initial date of confinement in execution of the judgment.
(b) An inmate who has been sentenced for a minimum term in excess of 3 years but of less than 6 years shall have an initial interview conducted by a hearing examiner within 14 months after the initial date of confinement in execution of the judgment.
(c) An inmate who has been sentenced for a minimum term of 6 or more years but other than for a life term shall have an initial interview conducted by a hearing examiner within 24 months after the initial date of confinement in execution of the judgment.
(d) An inmate who has been sentenced for a term of life shall have an initial interview conducted by a hearing examiner within 5 years after the initial date of confinement in execution of the judgment.
(e) An inmate who has been convicted and sentenced under ss. 958.011-958.15, or any other inmate who has been determined by the department to be a youthful offender, shall be interviewed by a parole examiner within 8 months after the initial date of confinement in execution of the judgment.
(2) The following special types of cases shall have their initial parole interview as follows:
(a) An initial interview may be postponed for a period not to exceed 90 days. Such postponement shall be for good cause, which shall include, but need not be limited to, the need for the department to obtain a presentence or postsentence investigation report or a probation or parole or mandatory conditional release violation report. The reason for postponement shall be noted in writing and included in the official record. No postponement for good cause shall result in an initial interview being conducted later than 90 days after the inmate’s initially scheduled initial interview.
(b) An initial interview may be deferred for any inmate who is out to court. Such deferral shall not result in an initial interview being conducted later than 90 days after the department provides written notice to the commission that the inmate has been returned from court.
(c) An initial interview may be deferred for any inmate confined in any appropriate treatment facility within the state, public or private, by virtue of transfer from the department under any applicable law. Such deferral shall not result in an initial interview being conducted later than 90 days after the department provides written notice to the commission that the inmate has been returned to the department.
(d) An inmate designated a mentally disordered sex offender shall have an initial interview conducted within 90 days of receiving written notification by the department to the commission of the need for such interview and that the inmate’s file contains all investigative reports deemed necessary by the commission to conduct such interview.
(e) Any inmate who has been determined to be an incapacitated person pursuant to s. 744.331 shall have an initial interview conducted within 90 days after the date the commission is provided with written notice that the inmate has been restored to capacity by the court.
(f) An initial interview may be held at the discretion of the commission after the entry of a commission order to revoke parole or mandatory conditional release.
(g) For purposes of determining eligibility for parole interview and release, the mandatory minimum portion of a concurrent sentence will begin on the date the sentence begins to run as provided in s. 921.161. The mandatory minimum portions of consecutive sentences shall be served at the beginning of the maximum sentence as established by the Department of Corrections. Each mandatory minimum portion of consecutive sentences shall be served consecutively; provided, that in no case shall a sentence begin to run before the date of imposition. The commission shall conduct an initial interview for an inmate serving a mandatory minimum sentence according to the following schedule:
1. An inmate serving a mandatory term of 7 years or less shall have an initial interview no sooner than 6 months prior to the expiration of the mandatory minimum portion of the sentence.
2. An inmate serving a mandatory term in excess of 7 years but of less than 15 years shall have an initial interview no sooner than 12 months prior to the expiration of the mandatory minimum portion of the sentence.
3. An inmate serving a mandatory term of 15 years or more shall have an initial interview no sooner than 18 months prior to the expiration of the mandatory minimum portion of the sentence.
(h) If an inmate is serving a sentence imposed by a county or circuit court of this state concurrently with a sentence imposed by a court of another state or of the United States, and if the department has designated the correctional institution of the other jurisdiction as the place for reception and confinement of such person, the inmate so released to another jurisdiction shall be eligible for consideration for parole, except that the commission shall determine the presumptive parole release date and the effective parole release date by requesting such person’s record file from the receiving jurisdiction. Upon receiving such records, the commission panel assigned by the chair shall determine such release dates based on the relevant information in that file. The commission may concur with the parole release decision of the jurisdiction granting parole and accepting supervision. The provisions of s. 947.174 do not apply to an inmate serving a concurrent sentence in another jurisdiction pursuant to s. 921.16(2).
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of ss. 775.021 and 921.16, if an inmate has received a consecutive sentence or sentences imposed by a court or courts of this state, the inmate shall be eligible for consideration for parole, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law.
(4) A person who has become eligible for an initial parole interview and who may, according to the objective parole guidelines of the commission, be granted parole shall be placed on parole in accordance with the provisions of this law; except that, in any case of a person convicted of murder, robbery, burglary of a dwelling or burglary of a structure or conveyance in which a human being is present, aggravated assault, aggravated battery, kidnapping, sexual battery or attempted sexual battery, incest or attempted incest, an unnatural and lascivious act or an attempted unnatural and lascivious act, lewd and lascivious behavior, assault or aggravated assault when a sexual act is completed or attempted, battery or aggravated battery when a sexual act is completed or attempted, arson, or any felony involving the use of a firearm or other deadly weapon or the use of intentional violence, at the time of sentencing the judge may enter an order retaining jurisdiction over the offender for review of a commission release order. This jurisdiction of the trial court judge is limited to the first one-third of the maximum sentence imposed. When any person is convicted of two or more felonies and concurrent sentences are imposed, then the jurisdiction of the trial court judge as provided herein applies to the first one-third of the maximum sentence imposed for the highest felony of which the person was convicted. When any person is convicted of two or more felonies and consecutive sentences are imposed, then the jurisdiction of the trial court judge as provided herein applies to one-third of the total consecutive sentences imposed.
(a) In retaining jurisdiction for the purposes of this act, the trial court judge shall state the justification with individual particularity, and such justification shall be made a part of the court record. A copy of such justification shall be delivered to the department together with the commitment issued by the court pursuant to s. 944.17.
(b) Gain-time as provided for by law shall accrue, except that an offender over whom the trial court has retained jurisdiction as provided herein shall not be released during the first one-third of her or his sentence by reason of gain-time.
(c) In such a case of retained jurisdiction, the commission, within 30 days after the entry of its release order, shall send notice of its release order to the original sentencing judge and to the appropriate state attorney. The release order shall be made contingent upon entry of an order by the appropriate circuit judge relinquishing jurisdiction as provided for in paragraphs (d) and (f). If the original sentencing judge is no longer in service, such notice shall be sent to the chief judge of the circuit in which the offender was sentenced. The chief judge may designate any circuit judge within the circuit to act in the place of the original sentencing judge. Such notice shall stay the time requirements of s. 947.1745.
(d) Within 10 days after receipt of the notice provided for in paragraph (c), the original sentencing judge or her or his replacement shall notify the commission as to whether or not the court further desires to retain jurisdiction. If the original sentencing judge or her or his replacement does not so notify the commission within the 10-day period or notifies the commission that the court does not desire to retain jurisdiction, then the commission may dispose of the matter as it sees fit.
(e) Upon receipt of notice of intent to retain jurisdiction from the original sentencing judge or her or his replacement, the commission shall, within 10 days, forward to the court its release order, the findings of fact, the parole hearing examiner’s report and recommendation, and all supporting information upon which its release order was based.
(f) Within 30 days of receipt of the items listed in paragraph (e), the original sentencing judge or her or his replacement shall review the order, findings, and evidence; and, if the judge finds that the order of the commission is not based on competent substantial evidence or that the parole is not in the best interest of the community or the inmate, the court may vacate the release order. The judge or her or his replacement shall notify the commission of the decision of the court, and, if the release order is vacated, such notification shall contain the evidence relied on and the reasons for denial. A copy of such notice shall be sent to the inmate.
(g) The decision of the original sentencing judge or, in her or his absence, the chief judge of the circuit to vacate any parole release order as provided in this section is not appealable. Each inmate whose parole release order has been vacated by the court shall be reinterviewed within 2 years after the date of receipt of the vacated release order and every 2 years thereafter, or earlier by order of the court retaining jurisdiction. However, each inmate whose parole release order has been vacated by the court and who has been:
1. Convicted of murder or attempted murder;
2. Convicted of sexual battery or attempted sexual battery;
3. Convicted of kidnapping or attempted kidnapping;
4. Convicted of robbery, burglary of a dwelling, burglary of a structure or conveyance, or breaking and entering, or the attempt thereof of any of these crimes, in which a human being is present and a sexual act is attempted or completed; or
5. Sentenced to a 25-year minimum mandatory sentence previously provided in s. 775.082,

shall be reinterviewed once within 7 years after the date of receipt of the vacated release order and once every 7 years thereafter, if the commission finds that it is not reasonable to expect that parole would be granted during the following years and states the bases for the finding in writing. For an inmate who is within 7 years of his or her tentative release date, the commission may establish a reinterview date before the 7-year schedule.

(h) An inmate whose parole release order has been vacated by the court may not be given a presumptive parole release date during the period of retention of jurisdiction by the court. During such period, a new effective parole release date may be authorized at the discretion of the commission without further interview unless an interview is requested by no fewer than two commissioners. Any such new effective parole release date must be reviewed in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs (c), (d), (e), (f), and (g).
(5) Within 90 days after any interview for parole, the inmate shall be advised of the presumptive parole release date. Subsequent to the establishment of the presumptive parole release date, the commission may, at its discretion, review the official record or conduct additional interviews with the inmate. However, the presumptive parole release date may not be changed except for reasons of institutional conduct or the acquisition of new information not available at the time of the initial interview.
(6) This section as amended by chapter 82-171, Laws of Florida, shall apply only to those persons convicted on or after the effective date of chapter 82-171; and this section as in effect before being amended by chapter 82-171 shall apply to any person convicted before the effective date of chapter 82-171.
History.s. 12, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 3, ch. 21775, 1943; ss. 1, 2, ch. 71-110; s. 2, ch. 74-122; s. 88, ch. 77-120; s. 1, ch. 78-318; s. 11, ch. 78-417; s. 106, ch. 79-3; s. 5, ch. 79-42; s. 195, ch. 79-164; s. 2, ch. 79-310; s. 8, ch. 79-341; s. 1, ch. 81-30; s. 4, ch. 81-322; s. 9, ch. 82-171; ss. 1, 2, ch. 82-401; ss. 9, 34, ch. 83-131; s. 189, ch. 83-216; s. 1, ch. 85-107; s. 3, ch. 85-295; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 111, ch. 89-96; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 1673, ch. 97-102; s. 1, ch. 97-289; s. 1, ch. 2010-95; s. 45, ch. 2010-117; s. 1, ch. 2013-119.
947.165 Objective parole guidelines.
(1) The commission shall develop and implement objective parole guidelines which shall be the criteria upon which parole decisions are made. The objective parole guidelines shall be developed according to an acceptable research method and shall be based on the seriousness of offense and the likelihood of favorable parole outcome. The guidelines shall require the commission to aggravate or aggregate each consecutive sentence in establishing the presumptive parole release date. Factors used in arriving at the salient factor score and the severity of offense behavior category shall not be applied as aggravating circumstances. If the sentencing judge files a written objection to the parole release of an inmate as provided for in s. 947.1745(6), such objection may be used by the commission as a basis to extend the presumptive parole release date.
(2) At least once a year, the commission shall review the objective parole guidelines and make any revisions considered necessary by virtue of statistical analysis of commission actions, which analysis uses acceptable research and methodology.
History.s. 12, ch. 78-417; s. 6, ch. 79-42; s. 3, ch. 79-310; s. 499, ch. 81-259; s. 10, ch. 82-171; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 2, ch. 85-107; ss. 32, 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 7, ch. 93-61; s. 4, ch. 2013-119.
947.168 Consideration for persons serving parole-eligible and parole-ineligible sentences.
(1) A person serving a parole-eligible sentence who subsequently receives a parole-ineligible sentence shall be considered for parole on the parole-eligible sentence.
(2) A grant of parole on the parole-eligible sentence shall result in the initiation of service of the parole-ineligible sentence, which shall continue until expiration of sentence, expiration of sentence as reduced by accumulated gain-time, or an executive order granting clemency.
(3) Actual terms of parole service shall not be initiated until the satisfactory completion of the parole-ineligible sentence and subsequent review by the commission as provided in subsection (4).
(4) Following completion of the parole-ineligible sentence, the commission shall reinterview the offender and consider any new information provided by the Department of Corrections. Upon an affirmative vote by the commission, the offender shall be released on parole and required to meet any conditions set by the commission pursuant to s. 947.19.
History.s. 38, ch. 86-183; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 2, ch. 91-239; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 32, ch. 97-194.
947.172 Establishment of presumptive parole release date.
(1) The hearing examiner shall conduct an initial interview in accordance with the provisions of s. 947.16. This interview shall include introduction and explanation of the objective parole guidelines as they relate to presumptive and effective parole release dates and an explanation of the institutional conduct record and satisfactory release plan for parole supervision as each relates to parole release.
(2) Based on the objective parole guidelines and any other competent evidence relevant to aggravating and mitigating circumstances, the hearing examiner shall, within 10 days after the interview, recommend in writing to a panel of no fewer than two commissioners appointed by the chair a presumptive parole release date for the inmate. The chair shall assign cases to such panels on a random basis, without regard to the inmate or to the commissioners sitting on the panel. If the recommended presumptive parole release date falls outside the matrix time ranges as determined by the objective parole guidelines, the hearing examiner shall include with the recommendation a statement in writing as to the reasons for the decision, specifying individual particularities. If a panel fails to reach a decision on a recommended presumptive parole release date, the chair or any other commissioner designated by the chair shall cast the deciding vote. Within 90 days after the date of the initial interview, the inmate shall be notified in writing of the decision as to the inmate’s presumptive parole release date.
(3) A presumptive parole release date shall become binding on the commission when agreement on the presumptive parole release date is reached. Should the presumptive parole release date fall outside the matrix time ranges as determined by the objective parole guidelines, the reasons for this decision shall be stated in writing with individual particularities.
History.ss. 13, 21, ch. 78-417; s. 107, ch. 79-3; s. 7, ch. 79-42; s. 500, ch. 81-259; s. 5, ch. 81-322; s. 11, ch. 82-171; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 4, ch. 85-295; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 1674, ch. 97-102.
947.173 Review of presumptive parole release date.
(1) An inmate may request one review of his or her initial presumptive parole release date established according to s. 947.16(1) if the inmate shows cause in writing, with individual particularities, within 60 days after the date the inmate is notified of the decision on the presumptive parole release date.
(2) A panel of no fewer than two commissioners appointed by the chair shall review the inmate’s request for review and shall notify the inmate in writing of its decision within 60 days after the date of receipt of the request by the commission.
(3) The commission may affirm or modify the authorized presumptive parole release date. However, in the event of a decision to modify the presumptive parole release date, in no case shall this modified date be after the date established under the procedures of s. 947.172. It is the intent of this legislation that, once set, presumptive parole release dates be modified only for good cause in exceptional circumstances.
History.s. 14, ch. 78-417; s. 8, ch. 79-42; s. 196, ch. 79-164; s. 12, ch. 82-171; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 8, ch. 93-61; s. 20, ch. 96-422; s. 1874, ch. 97-102.
947.174 Subsequent interviews.
(1)(a) For any inmate, except an inmate convicted of an offense enumerated in paragraph (b), whose presumptive parole release date falls more than 2 years after the date of the initial interview, a hearing examiner shall schedule an interview for review of the presumptive parole release date. Such interview shall take place within 2 years after the initial interview and every 2 years thereafter.
(b) For any inmate convicted of murder or attempted murder; sexual battery or attempted sexual battery; kidnapping or attempted kidnapping; or robbery, burglary of a dwelling, burglary of a structure or conveyance, or breaking and entering, or the attempt thereof of any of these crimes, in which a human being is present and a sexual act is attempted or completed, or any inmate who has been sentenced to a 25-year minimum mandatory sentence previously provided in s. 775.082, and whose presumptive parole release date is more than 7 years after the date of the initial interview, a hearing examiner shall schedule an interview for review of the presumptive parole release date. The interview shall take place once within 7 years after the initial interview and once every 7 years thereafter if the commission finds that it is not reasonable to expect that parole will be granted at a hearing during the following years and states the bases for the finding in writing. For an inmate who is within 7 years of his or her tentative release date, the commission may establish an interview date before the 7-year schedule.
(c) Such interviews shall be limited to determining whether or not information has been gathered which might affect the presumptive parole release date. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to an inmate serving a concurrent sentence in another jurisdiction pursuant to s. 921.16(2).
(2) The commission, for good cause, may at any time request that a hearing examiner conduct a subsequent hearing according to the procedures outlined in this section. Such request shall specify in writing the reasons for such review.
(3) The department shall, within a reasonable amount of time, make available and bring to the attention of the commission such information as is deemed important to the review of the presumptive parole release date, including, but not limited to, current progress reports, psychological reports, and disciplinary reports.
(4) The department or a hearing examiner may recommend that an inmate be placed in a work-release program prior to the last 18 months of her or his confinement before the presumptive parole release date. If the commission does not deny the recommendation within 30 days of the receipt of the recommendation, the inmate may be placed in such a program, and the department shall advise the commission of the fact prior to such placement.
(5) For purposes of this section, the commission shall develop and make available to all inmates guidelines which:
(a) Define what constitutes an unsatisfactory institutional record. In developing such guidelines, the commission shall consult with the department.
(b) Define what constitutes a satisfactory release plan and what constitutes verification of the plan prior to placement on parole.
History.s. 15, ch. 78-417; s. 9, ch. 79-42; s. 4, ch. 79-310; s. 6, ch. 81-322; s. 13, ch. 82-171; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 37, ch. 86-183; ss. 21, 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 1675, ch. 97-102; s. 2, ch. 97-289; s. 2, ch. 2010-95; s. 2, ch. 2013-119.
947.1745 Establishment of effective parole release date.If the inmate’s institutional conduct has been satisfactory, the presumptive parole release date shall become the effective parole release date as follows:
(1) Within 90 days before the presumptive parole release date, a hearing examiner shall conduct a final interview with the inmate in order to establish an effective parole release date and parole release plan. If it is determined that the inmate’s institutional conduct has been unsatisfactory, a statement to this effect shall be made in writing with particularity and shall be forwarded to a panel of no fewer than two commissioners appointed by the chair.
(2) If the panel finds that the inmate’s parole release plan is unsatisfactory, this finding may constitute new information and good cause in exceptional circumstances as described in s. 947.173, under which the panel may extend the presumptive parole release date for not more than 1 year. The panel may review any subsequently proposed parole release plan at any time.
(3) Within 30 days after receipt of the inmate’s parole release plan, the panel shall determine whether to authorize the effective parole release date. The inmate must be notified of the decision in writing within 30 days after the decision by the panel.
(4) If an effective date of parole has been established, release on that date is conditioned upon the completion of a satisfactory plan for parole supervision. An effective date of parole may be delayed for up to 60 days by a commissioner without a hearing for the development and approval of release plans.
(5) An effective date of parole may be delayed by a commissioner for up to 60 days without a hearing based on:
(a) New information not available at the time of the effective parole release date interview.
(b) Unsatisfactory institutional conduct which occurred subsequent to the effective parole release date interview.
(c) The lack of a verified parole release plan.
(6) Within 90 days before the effective parole release date interview, the commission shall send written notice to the sentencing judge of any inmate who has been scheduled for an effective parole release date interview. If the sentencing judge is no longer serving, the notice must be sent to the chief judge of the circuit in which the offender was sentenced. The chief judge may designate any circuit judge within the circuit to act in the place of the sentencing judge. Within 30 days after receipt of the commission’s notice, the sentencing judge, or the designee, shall send to the commission notice of objection to parole release, if the judge objects to such release. If there is objection by the judge, such objection may constitute good cause in exceptional circumstances as described in s. 947.173, and the commission may schedule a subsequent review within 2 years, extending the presumptive parole release date beyond that time. However, for an inmate who has been:
(a) Convicted of murder or attempted murder;
(b) Convicted of sexual battery or attempted sexual battery;
(c) Convicted of kidnapping or attempted kidnapping;
(d) Convicted of robbery, burglary of a dwelling, burglary of a structure or conveyance, or breaking and entering, or the attempt thereof of any of these crimes, in which a human being is present and a sexual act is attempted or completed; or
(e) Sentenced to a 25-year minimum mandatory sentence previously provided in s. 775.082,

the commission may schedule a subsequent review under this subsection once every 7 years, extending the presumptive parole release date beyond that time if the commission finds that it is not reasonable to expect that parole would be granted at a review during the following years and states the bases for the finding in writing. For an inmate who is within 7 years of his or her release date, the commission may schedule a subsequent review before the 7-year schedule. With any subsequent review the same procedure outlined above will be followed. If the judge remains silent with respect to parole release, the commission may authorize an effective parole release date. This subsection applies if the commission desires to consider the establishment of an effective release date without delivery of the effective parole release date interview. Notice of the effective release date must be sent to the sentencing judge, and either the judge’s response to the notice must be received or the time period allowed for such response must elapse before the commission may authorize an effective release date.

History.s. 14, ch. 82-171; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 190, ch. 83-216; ss. 33, 37, ch. 86-183; ss. 22, 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 53, ch. 91-110; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 9, ch. 93-61; s. 1676, ch. 97-102; s. 3, ch. 97-289; s. 3, ch. 2010-95; s. 3, ch. 2013-119.
947.1746 Establishment of effective parole release date.Within 30 days of the receipt of new information or upon receipt of a written recommendation from the department that an inmate be considered for mitigation of the authorized presumptive parole release date, the commission may, at its discretion, provide for a final interview to establish an effective parole release date or may review the official record and establish an effective parole release date without provision of a final interview, unless an interview is requested by no fewer than two commissioners.
History.s. 27, ch. 83-131; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2.
947.1747 Community control as a special condition of parole.Upon the establishment of an effective parole release date as provided for in ss. 947.1745 and 947.1746, the commission may, as a special condition of parole, require an inmate to be placed in the community control program of the Department of Corrections as described in s. 948.10 for a period not exceeding 6 months. In every case in which the commission decides to place an inmate on community control as a special condition of parole, the commission shall provide a written explanation of the reasons for its decision.
History.s. 68, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 42, ch. 2004-373; s. 18, ch. 2017-115.
947.18 Conditions of parole.No person shall be placed on parole merely as a reward for good conduct or efficient performance of duties assigned in prison. No person shall be placed on parole until and unless the commission finds that there is reasonable probability that, if the person is placed on parole, he or she will live and conduct himself or herself as a respectable and law-abiding person and that the person’s release will be compatible with his or her own welfare and the welfare of society. No person shall be placed on parole unless and until the commission is satisfied that he or she will be suitably employed in self-sustaining employment or that he or she will not become a public charge. The commission shall determine the terms upon which such person shall be granted parole. If the person’s conviction was for a controlled substance violation, one of the conditions must be that the person submit to random substance abuse testing intermittently throughout the term of supervision, upon the direction of the correctional probation officer as defined in s. 943.10(3). In addition to any other lawful condition of parole, the commission may make the payment of the debt due and owing to the state under s. 960.17 or the payment of the attorney’s fees and costs due and owing to the state under s. 938.29 a condition of parole subject to modification based on change of circumstances. If the person’s conviction was for a crime that was found to have been committed for the purpose of benefiting, promoting, or furthering the interests of a criminal gang, one of the conditions must be that the person be prohibited from knowingly associating with other criminal gang members or associates, except as authorized by law enforcement officials, prosecutorial authorities, or the court, for the purpose of aiding in the investigation of criminal activity.
History.s. 14, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 4, ch. 77-452; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 2, ch. 83-256; s. 37, ch. 86-183; ss. 67, 72, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; ss. 15, 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 4, ch. 96-232; s. 1875, ch. 97-102; s. 43, ch. 97-271; s. 135, ch. 2003-402; s. 22, ch. 2008-238.
947.181 Fines, fees, restitution, or other costs ordered to be paid as conditions of parole.
(1) The commission shall require the payment of fines, fees, restitution, or other court-ordered costs as a condition of parole unless the commission finds reasons to the contrary. Restitution to the aggrieved party for injury, damage, or loss caused by the offense for which the parolee was imprisoned shall have first priority in the payment of amounts owed under this section. If the commission does not require the payment of fines, fees, restitution, or other court-ordered costs or requires only partial payment of the fines, fees, restitution, or other court-ordered costs, the commission shall state on the record the reasons for its decision.
(2) If the parolee fails to make the payments as required in subsection (1), it shall be considered by the commission as a violation of parole as specified in s. 947.21 and may be cause for revocation of parole.
(3) If a defendant is paroled, any restitution ordered under s. 775.089 shall be a condition of such parole. The Florida Commission on Offender Review may revoke parole if the defendant fails to comply with such order.
(4) In determining whether to revoke parole, the commission shall consider the defendant’s employment status, earning ability, and financial resources; the willfulness of the defendant’s failure to pay; and any other special circumstances that may have a bearing on the defendant’s ability to pay.
History.s. 3, ch. 77-150; s. 304, ch. 79-400; s. 34, ch. 83-131; ss. 5, 10, ch. 84-363; s. 37, ch. 86-183; ss. 25, 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 9, ch. 93-37; s. 1677, ch. 97-102; s. 21, ch. 2012-100; s. 47, ch. 2014-191.
947.185 Application for intellectual disability services as condition of parole.The Florida Commission on Offender Review may require as a condition of parole that any inmate who has been diagnosed as having an intellectual disability as defined in s. 393.063 shall, upon release, apply for services from the Agency for Persons with Disabilities.
History.s. 9, ch. 83-274; s. 26, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 322, ch. 99-8; s. 66, ch. 2006-227; s. 44, ch. 2013-162; s. 48, ch. 2014-191.
947.19 Terms of parole.
(1) The commission, upon authorizing an effective parole release date, shall specify in writing the terms and conditions of the parole, a certified copy of which shall be given to the parolee.
(2) A parolee may, within 120 days of receipt of the certified copy of the terms and conditions of parole, request that the commission modify the terms and conditions of parole; the parolee must specify in writing the reasons for requesting such modifications.
(3) A panel of no fewer than two commissioners appointed by the chair shall consider requests for review of the terms and conditions of parole, render a written decision to continue or to modify the terms and conditions of parole, specifying the reasons therefor, and inform the parolee of the decision in writing within 30 days of the date of receipt of request for review. Such panel shall not include those commissioners who authorized the original conditions of parole.
(4) During any period of requested review of terms and conditions of parole, the parolee shall be subject to the authorized terms and conditions of parole until such time according to the provisions of this section a decision is made to continue or modify the terms and conditions of parole.
History.s. 15, ch. 20519, 1941; am. s. 7, ch. 22858, 1945; s. 17, ch. 78-417; s. 10, ch. 79-42; s. 15, ch. 82-171; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 1678, ch. 97-102.
947.20 Rules of commission.The commission shall adopt general rules on the terms and conditions of parole and what shall constitute the violation thereof and may make special rules to govern particular cases. Such rules, both general and special, may include, among other things, a requirement that the parolee shall not leave the state or any definite area in Florida without the consent of the commission; that the parolee shall contribute to the support of her or his dependents to the best of her or his ability; that the parolee shall make reparation or restitution for her or his crime; that the parolee shall not associate with persons engaged in criminal activity; and that the parolee shall carry out the instructions of her or his parole supervisor and, in general, comport herself or himself in accordance with the terms and conditions of her or his parole.
History.s. 15, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 18, ch. 78-417; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 1679, ch. 97-102.
947.21 Violations of parole.
(1) A violation of the terms of parole may render the parolee liable to arrest and a return to prison to serve out the term for which the parolee was sentenced.
(2) An offender whose parole is revoked may, at the discretion of the commission, be credited with any portion of the time the offender has satisfactorily served on parole.
History.s. 15, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 22, ch. 74-112; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 1680, ch. 97-102.
947.22 Authority to arrest parole violators with or without warrant.
(1) If a member of the commission or a duly authorized representative of the commission has reasonable grounds to believe that a parolee has violated the terms and conditions of her or his parole in a material respect, such member or representative may issue a warrant for the arrest of such parolee. The warrant shall be returnable before a member of the commission or a duly authorized representative of the commission. The commission, a commissioner, or a parole examiner with approval of the parole examiner supervisor, may release the parolee on bail or her or his own recognizance, conditioned upon her or his appearance at any hearings noticed by the commission. If not released on bail or her or his own recognizance, the parolee shall be committed to jail pending hearings pursuant to s. 947.23. The commission, at its election, may have the hearing conducted by one or more commissioners or by a duly authorized representative of the commission. Any parole and probation officer, any officer authorized to serve criminal process, or any peace officer of this state is authorized to execute the warrant.
(2) Any parole and probation officer, if she or he has reasonable ground to believe that a parolee, control releasee, or conditional releasee has violated the terms and conditions of her or his parole, control release, or conditional release in a material respect, has the right to arrest the releasee or parolee without warrant and bring her or him forthwith before one or more commissioners or a duly authorized representative of the Florida Commission on Offender Review or Control Release Authority; and proceedings shall thereupon be had as provided herein when a warrant has been issued by a member of the commission or authority or a duly authorized representative of the commission or authority.
(3) If a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that a parolee has violated the terms and conditions of his or her parole, the officer shall arrest and take into custody the parolee without a warrant, and a warrant need not be issued in the case.
History.s. 16, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 1, ch. 71-111; s. 16, ch. 82-171; s. 1, ch. 82-193; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 191, ch. 83-216; s. 5, ch. 85-295; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; ss. 13, 20, ch. 90-337; s. 12, ch. 91-280; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 1681, ch. 97-102; s. 3, ch. 2002-255; s. 49, ch. 2014-191.
947.23 Action of commission upon arrest of parolee.
(1) Within 30 days after the arrest of a person charged with violation of the terms and conditions of her or his parole, the parolee shall be afforded a prompt preliminary hearing, conducted by a member of the commission or its duly authorized representative, at or near the place of violation or arrest to determine if there is probable cause or reasonable grounds to believe that the parolee has committed a violation of the terms or conditions of her or his parole. The parolee may knowingly execute a waiver of this hearing, up until the time of such hearing, provided the consequences of such action have been fully explained. If the parolee elects to proceed with the preliminary hearing:
(a) The parolee shall be afforded a timely notice of the preliminary hearing, which notice shall state the purpose of the hearing and state the alleged violation.
(b) The parolee shall be permitted to cross-examine adverse witnesses, unless it is determined that good cause exists not to allow such examination.
(c) The parolee shall be allowed to call witnesses as provided in subsection (3), and present evidence in her or his own behalf.
(d) The parolee may be represented by counsel.

The findings based on the evidence presented at the preliminary hearing shall be made available to the parolee either immediately following the preliminary hearing or within a reasonable time thereafter.

(2) If the preliminary hearing results in a finding of probable cause or reasonable grounds to believe that a violation of the terms or conditions of parole has occurred, any one or more commissioners or a duly authorized representative of the commission shall convene a final revocation hearing on the alleged violation. The parolee shall appear at the final hearing in person, and, if the parolee desires, she or he may be represented by counsel. At the final hearing, the state and the parolee may introduce such evidence as is necessary and pertinent to the charge of parole violation.
(3) Any one or more commissioners or a duly authorized representative of the commission may administer oaths and compel the attendance of witnesses at such hearing by the issuance of summons, subpoenas, and subpoenas duces tecum. Subpoenas and subpoenas duces tecum shall be enforceable by appropriate proceedings in circuit court, and the failure to comply with a court order enforcing a subpoena or subpoena duces tecum shall constitute contempt of court. Any one or more commissioners or a duly authorized representative of the commission may issue subpoenas on behalf of the state or the parolee. The commission may decline a request to subpoena a witness whose testimony it finds would be cumulative, irrelevant, or nonprobative. The party requesting the subpoenas shall furnish to the commissioner, commissioners, or duly authorized representative of the commission the names and addresses of her or his proposed witnesses at least 10 days prior to the hearing date.
(4) At the hearing, the parolee shall be informed orally and in writing of:
(a) The violation of the terms and conditions of parole with which the parolee has been charged.
(b) The right to be represented by counsel.
(c) The right to be heard in person.
(d) The right to secure, present, and compel the attendance of witnesses as provided in subsection (3) and the production of documents on her or his behalf.
(e) The right of access to all evidence used against her or him.
(f) The right to confront and cross-examine adverse witnesses, unless the commissioner, commissioners, or duly authorized representative of the commission conducting the hearing finds specifically, and states in writing, good cause not to allow the confrontation.
(5)(a) At any such hearing convened by one or more commissioners or a duly authorized representative of the commission, the accused may waive her or his right to proceed further if, after being informed of her or his rights and after being advised of the consequences of a waiver in regard to the nature of the order which may be entered as a result of such waiver, the accused affirms, in writing, knowledge and understanding of such rights and consequences and elects, in writing, to execute the waiver.
(b) The accused violator may execute a waiver, in writing, of a final revocation hearing prior to the commencement of such hearing. Such waiver may be executed before a member of the commission or a duly authorized representative of the commission after the accused violator has been informed of her or his rights and after she or he has been advised of the consequences of a waiver. Within 14 days after the execution of a waiver, the accused may withdraw the waiver by executing a withdrawal of waiver before a notary public and forwarding the original of that withdrawal to the commission.
(6) Within a reasonable time after the hearing, the commissioner, commissioners, or duly authorized representative of the commission who conducted the hearing shall make findings of fact in regard to the alleged parole violation.
(a) If the hearing was conducted by three or more commissioners, a majority of them shall enter an order determining whether the charges of parole violation have been sustained, based on the findings of fact made by them. By such order they shall revoke the parole and return the parolee to prison to serve the sentence theretofore imposed upon her or him, reinstate the original order of parole, order the placement of the parolee into a community control program as set forth in s. 948.101, or enter such other order as is proper.
(b) If the hearing was conducted by one or two commissioners or a duly authorized representative of the commission, at least two commissioners shall enter an order determining whether or not the charges of parole violation have been sustained, based on the findings of fact made by the commissioner, commissioners, or duly authorized representative of the commission. The commissioners, by such order, shall revoke the parole and return the parolee to prison to serve the sentence theretofore imposed upon her or him, reinstate the original order of parole, order the placement of the parolee into a community control program as set forth in s. 948.101, or enter such other order as is proper.
(c) If the disposition after the revocation hearing is to place the parolee into a community control program, the commission shall be guided by the procedures and requirements provided in chapter 948 which apply to the courts regarding the development and implementation of community control.

However, any decision to revoke parole shall be based on a violation of a term or condition specifically enumerated in the parole release order. In a case in which parole is revoked, the majority of the commission or the two commissioners shall make a written statement of the evidence relied on and the reasons for revoking parole.

(7) Whenever a parole is revoked by the commission and the parolee is ordered by the commission to be returned to prison, the parolee, by reason of her or his misconduct, shall be deemed to forfeit all gain-time or commutation of time for good conduct, as provided for by law, earned up to the date of her or his release on parole. Nothing herein shall deprive the prisoner of her or his right to gain-time or commutation of time for good conduct, as provided by law, from the date the prisoner is returned to prison.
History.s. 17, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 4, ch. 21775, 1943; s. 1, ch. 74-241; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 19, ch. 78-417; s. 11, ch. 79-42; s. 17, ch. 82-171; s. 2, ch. 82-193; ss. 15, 34, ch. 83-131; s. 6, ch. 85-295; s. 37, ch. 86-183; s. 67, ch. 88-122; ss. 45, 47, ch. 89-526; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 1682, ch. 97-102; s. 37, ch. 2004-373.
947.24 Discharge from parole supervision or release supervision.
(1) When a person is placed on parole, control release, or conditional release, the commission shall determine the period of time the person will be under parole supervision or release supervision in the following manner:
(a) If the person is being paroled or released under supervision from a single or concurrent sentence, the period of time the person will be under parole supervision or release supervision may not exceed 2 years unless the commission designates a longer period of time, in which case it must advise the parolee or releasee in writing of the reasons for the extended period. In any event, the period of parole supervision or release supervision may not exceed the maximum period for which the person has been sentenced.
(b) If the person is being paroled or released under supervision from a consecutive sentence or sentences, the period of time the person will be under parole supervision or release supervision will be for the maximum period for which the person was sentenced.
(2) The commission shall review the progress of each person who has been placed on parole, control release, or conditional release after 2 years of supervision in the community and biennially thereafter. The department shall provide to the commission the information necessary to conduct such a review. Such review must include consideration of whether to modify the reporting schedule, thereby authorizing the person under parole supervision or release supervision to submit reports quarterly, semiannually, or annually. The commission, after having retained jurisdiction of a person for a sufficient length of time to evidence satisfactory rehabilitation and cooperation, may further modify the terms and conditions of the person’s parole, control release, or conditional release, may discharge the person from parole supervision or release supervision, may relieve the person from making further reports, or may permit the person to leave the state or country, upon finding that such action is in the best interests of the person and society.
(3) This section does not affect the rights of a parolee to request modification of the terms and conditions of parole under s. 947.19.
History.s. 18, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 1, ch. 63-83; s. 9, ch. 74-112; s. 256, ch. 77-104; s. 34, ch. 83-131; s. 4, ch. 85-107; s. 37, ch. 86-183; ss. 27, 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 10, ch. 93-61; s. 6, ch. 2001-124.
947.26 Cooperation of custodian of prisoner; right of access.The warden or jailer of any jail or prison in which persons convicted of crime may be confined and all officers or employees thereof shall at all times cooperate with the commission and, upon its request, shall furnish it with such information as they may have respecting any person inquired about as will enable the commission properly to perform its duties. Such officials shall, at all reasonable times, when the public safety permits, give the members of the commission and its authorized agents and employees access to all prisoners in their charge.
History.s. 19, ch. 20519, 1941; s. 34, ch. 83-131; ss. 35, 37, ch. 86-183; ss. 61, 67, ch. 88-122; s. 17, ch. 89-531; s. 20, ch. 90-337; s. 1, ch. 93-2; s. 27, ch. 2000-161.