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The Florida Statutes

The 2023 Florida Statutes (including Special Session C)

Title XXIX
Chapter 403
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F.S. 403.7047
403.7047 Regulation of fossil fuel combustion products.
(1) As used in this section, the term:
(a) “Beneficial use” means the use of fossil fuel combustion products in building products, and as substitutes for raw materials, necessary ingredients, or additives in products, according to accepted industry practices, including the following:
1. Asphalt, concrete or cement products, flowable fill, and roller-compacted concrete.
2. Structural fill or pavement aggregate that meets the following requirements:
a. The fossil fuel combustion product is not placed within 3 feet of groundwater or 15 feet of wetlands or natural water bodies, or within 100 feet of a potable well that is being used or might be used for human or livestock water consumption;
b. The placement of the fossil fuel combustion product does not extend beyond the outside edge of the structure or pavement. Placement of the structure or pavement must be completed as soon as practicable after placement of the fossil fuel combustion product;
c. The fossil fuel combustion product is not placed so that such product, or any constituent thereof, may enter other lands or be emitted into the air or discharged into any waters, including groundwaters, or otherwise enter the environment in a manner that causes a significant threat to public health or contamination in excess of applicable department standards and criteria; and
d. The owner or duly authorized agent of the owner of the property where the product is placed has given the department written notice, which may be submitted electronically, of the dates, placement locations, and types of fossil fuel combustion products used for structural fill or pavement aggregate.
3. Use of flue-gas emission control materials which meet the definition of gypsum and are used in accordance with applicable Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services rules.
4. Waste stabilization, or initial or intermediate cover material used for lined Class I or III landfills, provided that the material meets applicable department rules for landfill cover or a landfill’s permit conditions for cover.
5. Any other use that meets the criteria of s. 403.7045(1)(f) or that is approved by the department prior to use as having an equivalent or reduced potential for environmental impacts, when used in equivalent quantities, compared to the substituted raw products or materials.
(b) “Fossil fuel combustion products” means fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag, flue-gas emission control materials, and other non-hazardous materials, such as gasifier slag, fluidized-bed combustion system products, and similar combustion materials produced from the operation of a fossil fuel-fired electric or steam generation facility, from a clean coal or other innovative technology process at a fossil fuel-fired electric or steam generation facility, or from any combination thereof.
(c) “Fossil fuel-fired electric or steam generation facility” means any electric or steam generation facility that is fueled with coal, alone or in combination with petroleum coke, oil, coal gas, natural gas, other fossil fuels, or alternative fuels.
(d) “Pavement aggregate” means fossil fuel combustion products used as sub-base material under a paved road, sidewalk, walkway, or parking lot as a substitute for conventional aggregate, raw material, or soil.
(e) “Structural fill” means the use of a fossil fuel combustion product as a substitute for a conventional aggregate, raw material, or soil under an industrial or commercial building or structure. Structural fill does not include uses of fossil fuel combustion products that involve general filling or grading operations or valley fills.
(2) The storage of fossil fuel combustion products destined for beneficial use must comply with applicable department rules and be conducted in a manner that does not pose a significant risk to public health or violate applicable air or water quality standards.
(3) Fossil fuel combustion products beneficially used in accordance with this section are not subject to regulation as a solid or hazardous waste, but the department may take appropriate action if the beneficial use is demonstrated to be causing violations of applicable air or water quality standards or criteria in department rules, or if such beneficial use poses a significant risk to public health. This section does not limit any other requirements applicable to the beneficial use of fossil fuel combustion products established under this chapter or chapter 376 or under local or federal laws, including requirements governing air pollution control permits, national pollutant discharge elimination system permits, and water quality certifications pursuant to s. 401 of the Clean Water Act.
(4) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the department’s authority to approve the beneficial use of materials other than fossil fuel combustion products as defined in this section pursuant to other provisions of this part. This section may not be construed to limit or otherwise modify any fossil fuel combustion product beneficial use previously approved by the department, use in the onsite construction of surface impoundments, roads, or similar works at fossil fuel-fired electric or steam generation facilities, or the recovery of these products for beneficial use from fossil fuel combustion product landfills, impoundments, or storage areas.
History.s. 1, ch. 2013-68.