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The Florida Statutes

The 2023 Florida Statutes (including Special Session C)

Title V
Chapter 39
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F.S. 39.4015
39.4015 Family finding.
(a) The Legislature finds that every child who is in out-of-home care has the goal of finding a permanent home, whether achieved by reunifying the child with his or her parents or finding another permanent connection, such as adoption or legal guardianship with a relative or nonrelative who has a significant relationship with the child.
(b) The Legislature finds that while legal permanency is important to a child in out-of-home care, emotional permanency helps increase the likelihood that children will achieve stability and well-being and successfully transition to independent adulthood.
(c) The Legislature also finds that research has consistently shown that placing a child within his or her own family reduces the trauma of being removed from his or her home, is less likely to result in placement disruptions, and enhances prospects for finding a permanent family if the child cannot return home.
(d) The Legislature further finds that the primary purpose of family finding is to facilitate legal and emotional permanency for children who are in out-of-home care by finding and engaging their relatives.
(e) It is the intent of the Legislature that every child in out-of-home care be afforded the advantages that can be gained from the use of family finding to establish caring and long-term or permanent connections and relationships for children and youth in out-of-home care, as well as to establish a long-term emotional support network with family members and other adults who may not be able to take the child into their home but who want to stay connected with the child.
(2) DEFINITIONS.As used in this section, the term:
(a) “Diligent efforts” means the use of methods and techniques, including, but not limited to, interviews with immediate and extended family and fictive kin, genograms, eco-mapping, case mining, cold calls, and specialized computer searches.
(b) “Family finding” means an intensive relative search and engagement technique used in identifying family and other close adults for children in out-of-home care and involving them in developing and carrying out a plan for the emotional and legal permanency of a child.
(c) “Family group decisionmaking” is a generic term that includes a number of approaches in which family members and fictive kin are brought together to make decisions about how to care for their children and develop a plan for services. The term includes family team conferencing, family team meetings, family group conferencing, family team decisionmaking, family unity meetings, and team decisionmaking, which may consist of several phases and employ a trained facilitator or coordinator.
(3) FAMILY-FINDING PROGRAM.The department, in collaboration with community-based care lead agencies, shall develop a formal family-finding program to be implemented by child protective investigators and community-based care lead agencies.
(a) Family-finding efforts shall begin as soon as a child is taken into custody of the department, pursuant to s. 39.401, and throughout the duration of the case as necessary, finding and engaging with as many family members and fictive kin as possible for each child who may help with care or support for the child. The department or community-based care lead agency must specifically document strategies taken to locate and engage relatives and fictive kin. Strategies of engagement may include, but are not limited to, asking the relatives and fictive kin to:
1. Participate in a family group decisionmaking conference, family team conferencing, or other family meetings aimed at developing or supporting the family service plan;
2. Attend visitations with the child;
3. Assist in transportation of the child;
4. Provide respite or child care services; or
5. Provide actual kinship care.
(b) The family-finding program shall provide the department and the community-based care lead agencies with best practices for identifying family and fictive kin. The family-finding program must use diligent efforts in family finding and must continue those efforts until multiple relatives and fictive kin are identified. Family-finding efforts by the department and the community-based care lead agency may include, but are not limited to:
1. Searching for and locating adult relatives and fictive kin.
2. Identifying and building positive connections between the child and the child’s relatives and fictive kin.
3. Supporting the engagement of relatives and fictive kin in social service planning and delivery of services and creating a network of extended family support to assist in remedying the concerns that led to the child becoming involved with the child welfare system, when appropriate.
4. Maintaining family connections, when possible.
5. Keeping siblings together in care, when in the best interest of each child and when possible.
(c) To be compliant with this section, family-finding efforts must go beyond basic searching tools by exploring alternative tools and methodologies. A basic computer search using the Internet or attempts to contact known relatives at a last known address or telephone number do not constitute effective family finding.
(4) RULEMAKING.The department may adopt rules to implement this section.
History.s. 1, ch. 2018-108; s. 4, ch. 2019-142; s. 11, ch. 2021-170; s. 8, ch. 2023-77.